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Part 2  Shemitah - Canaan's Conquest to The End of the Age . . . 

The 490 Shemitah = 3,430 Years

By Doug Krieger

Tishrei 15 Persia Defeats

Four Blood Moon – 15 Tishrei – September 28, 2015

It does appear consequential that today’s date of 1 Tishrei, Rosh Hashanah (aka Feast of Trumpets), commencement of the Hebrew Civil Calendar, on this 13 September 2015 (as I write this tome) will lead us not only to the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur) on 10 Tishrei (September 23, 2015) but ultimately to 15 Tishrei, The Feast of Tabernacles – Sukkot – September 28, 2015—the very same day that the King of Babylon, Belshazzar, read the handwriting on the wall and Babylon fell to the Persians.  Appearing over Jerusalem on this 15 Tishrei, 28 September 2015, a spectacular  bulls eye blood moon—the FOURTH in the series of Tetrad Blood Moons to assail our planet in the most peculiar of convergence of Jewish Feast Days (two on Passover and two on the Feast of Tabernacles).  What prophetic import could these matters make . . . ?  But did you notice that the "Iran Nuke Deal" and the Russian incursion into Syria took place in mid-September, 2015--maybe we missed what was happening with the blood moons after all--with the "Stabbing Intafada" starting in early October, 2015.

Predicting the Storm

Hurricane Sandy

Hurricane Sandy (“Superstorm Sandy”) was forecasted to hit the Mid-Atlantic States (into New Jersey and, in particular, the NY City Metro area) in late October 2012—it did so on 29 October 2012 and became the second costliest storm in  American history affecting some 24  states, $65 billion in damage and took some 233 lives (Hurricane Katrina on 29 August 2005 surpassed “Sandy” in damage and lives with 1,836 deaths, while costing some $108 billion).

What was so shocking about the path of Sandy was its virtual 90 degree due west turn hitting the New Jersey coastline nigh perpendicular with a storm surge flooding virtually the entire Mid-Atlantic with the dramatic submerging of Lower Manhattan.

Predictions varied as to her path—then, shockingly, the forecasters determined that she would take this hairpin turn and move some 400 miles into the heart of the Boston-D.C. corridor (a direct hit). Pressure gradients, winds aloft (jet streams), water temperatures, Gulf Stream—a wide variety of variables—all converged for this:  The Perfect Storm!

Even so, the prophetic parallels currently aligning themselves as “Signs of the Time” are rapidly converging upon this earthly clod—those who heed the “clarifying signs of the end of the age” do well to remind themselves of Sandy’s relentless barrage which befell millions; most of whom were utterly unprepared until the last minute but really had no idea as to their impending peril.

So, should we badmouth the forecasters who suddenly changed their minds as to Sandy’s ultimate direction? With all the modern satellite technology, etc., we should have been given more than fair warning; actually, two to three days warning appeared sufficient at the time but even then the masses couldn’t believe such a storm could possibly take such an erratic path . . . but this behemoth, whose winds spanned 1,100 miles, refused to play by the rules.

Frankly, I am bemused by my astute critics who proclaim my “prophetic death” for calculating the proximity of Doomsday. Normally, I get lambasted by: “But of that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, but My Father only” (Matthew 24:36). Interestingly enough, “they” (and I know “they” are out there somewhere waiting to nail me) seem to glance over the parapets of their severe and pompous warnings, fixated as they are against all these crazed date setters; yet, somehow neglecting the following verses found in context; to wit:

So you also, when you see all these things, know that He is near—at the doors! Assuredly, I say to you, this generation will by no means pass away till all these things take place . . . AND . . . But as the days of Noah were, so also will the coming of the son of Man be (Matthew 24:33-34, 37).

Jesus then discusses the attitudes and life-styles of Noah’s nonchalant  generation of carefree life styles of the “earthlings” who could have cared less about “Sandy’s impending catastrophe”—again: “And DID NOT KNOW until the flood came and took them all away, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be” (Matthew 24:39).

I don’t know if you see it or not. The context of “not knowing the day nor the hour” has everything to do— NOT with Noah (who most certainly knew according to Genesis 7:4—“For after seven more days I will cause it to rain on the earth forty days and forty nights,” etc.)—but with Noah’s generation of ignorant, violent and rebelliously carefree sorts who thought Noah a blatant fool. “Noah saw it coming” and was pre-warned of the storm that would overwhelm and “destroy from under heaven all flesh in which is the breath of life—and everything that is on the earth shall die” (Gen. 6:17)—the ones who didn’t know the day nor the hour were those who could have cared less and when they did they simply and undoubtedly broadcast the absurdity of the Ark’s century’s-long construction with no rain in the foreseeable sight.

So, lest you superimpose upon all end-time predictors (See: FOOTNOTE 1) of the Second Coming as foolhardy speculators in the absurd and unnecessary, who generate fear and angst amongst the populace (or fanciful entertainment, whichever)—indulge me in joining this disparate band of prognosticators, for as in the days of Noah someone just might get it right or at least too close for comfort sparing some from Sandy’s fury. Thus, timing was everything when it came to Sandy—now let us consider some “timing issues” which may give us significant clues as to sundry biblical chronological patterns forecasting the “end of the age.”

The Shemitah

Hebrew Festival Calendar

The Biblical Calendar, known as the Hebrew Festival Calendar, was inaugurated through the giving of the Torah (first five books of the Bible known also as the Pentateuch) through Moses with the first understanding of this calendar being the very creation itself: “Then God said, ‘Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; andheavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs   and seasons, and for days and years” (Genesis 1:14). Thus, “days and years” are announced but also the “seasons” (Heb. oth) alluding to the ultimate “Hebrew Festival Calendar.”

Later, the Hebrew Calendar is elaborated upon in Exodus wherein the days and months are ostensibly reversed so that the seventh month of Nisan was introduced as the first month on the Hebrew Calendar—but, remember, during the days of Noah [actually from Adam to Abraham] a great deal of mentioning concerning days, months and years are likewise mentioned (Genesis 5-12).

The First Passover was observed in Nisan—i.e., on Nisan 14 which was the seventh month during the time of Noah. Now Nisan became (as a result of the first Passover) the first month (Exodus 12).

Then in Leviticus the every-seven year observance of the “Shemitah” (which in Hebrew means “to release”) was established on the Hebrew Calendar to be observed upon entry into the Land of Canaan; to wit:

As soon as the Jews settled in the Holy Land [See:  FOOTNOTE 2] they began to count and observe seven-year cycles. Every cycle would culminate in a Sabbatical year, [See:  FOOTNOTE 3] known as Shemitah, [See:  FOOTNOTE 4] literally: “to release.”

The year following the destruction of the second Holy Temple was the first year of a seven-year Sabbatical cycle. In the Jewish calendar, counting from Creation, this was the year 3829, 68–69 CE on the secular calendar. By counting sevens from then, we see that the next Shemitah year will be the year 5775 after Creation, which runs from Sept. 25, 2014, through Sept. 13, 2015. (Chabad.org)

The Scriptures are rather straightforward as to the commencement of the Shemitah in that we read in Leviticus 25:2:

Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them, ‘When you come into the landwhich I give you, then the land shall keep a Sabbath to the LORD. Six years you shall sow your field, and six years you shall prune your vineyard, and gather its fruit; but in the seventh year there shall be a Sabbath of solemn rest for the land, a Sabbath to the LORD. You shall neither sow your field nor prune your vineyard.

 “When you come into the land” has, unfortunately, been interpreted by the Rabbis to mean “after the conquest of Canaan—7 years” and “after Canaan’s settlement by the 12 tribes—8 years” for a total of 15 years and THEN the countdown began. Again, we do not abide these calculations but adhere to the strict commencement / countdown to have begun immediately upon entering Canaan Land on 10 Nisan 1405 BCE . . . as soon as the feet of the Children of Israel set foot upon Canaan’s Land the Shemitah countdown began.

Concept of the “Year of Jubilee/Jubilee Cycles” & Grand Jubilee Cycles

Lev. 25:8-11: “And thou shalt number seven sabbaths of years unto thee, seven times seven years; and there shall be unto thee the days of seven sabbaths of years, even forty and nine years. Then shalt thou send abroad the loud trumpet on the tenth day of the seventh month; in the day of atonement shall ye send abroad the trumpet throughout all your land. And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout the land unto all the inhabitants thereof: it shall be a jubilee unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye shall return every man unto his family. A jubilee shall that fiftieth year be unto you: ye shall not sow, neither reap that which groweth of itself in it, nor gather the grapes in it of the undressed vines.”

Lev. 25:20-22:  "And if ye shall say, What shall we eat the seventh year? Behold, we shall not sow, nor gather in our increase; then I will command my blessing upon you in the sixth year, and it shall bring forth fruit for the three years. And ye shall sow the eighth year, and eat of the fruits, the old store; until the ninth year, until its fruits come in, ye shall eat the old store.”

It appears that the “seventh year” cycle lands on the ongoing “seven-times-seven” or 49th year of the Jubilee. It seems evident that the Almighty would not have referred to the Jubilee Year as the “seventh-year” if the regular seven-year Sabbath cycles were not synchronized with the 49-year Jubilee Cycles. Think about it: If every Jubilee Cycle of 49 years were separated by 50 years it would break the ongoing seven-year Sabbaths for the Good Land—in other words, these seven-day Sabbaths abide uninterrupted; and, consequently, we are obliged to count them as 49 + 49 + 49 and not 50 + 50 + 50 years, etc. Therefore, the 50th year falls on the first year of the next seven-year cycle (it’s a “twofer”—i.e. both the 50th year and the commencement of another Shemitah cycle of seven years).

Shemitah and 120 years

However, that said, the 50th Year is announced as the Jubilee Year—but it doesn’t break the seven-year Sabbath cycles. So ten of these Jubilee Cycles are configured as 10 x 49 years = 490 years; not 10 x 50 years = 500 years. The 490-year prophecy found in Daniel 9:24-27 validates this accounting of “7s.”  What throws a lot of us off are these subsequent passages in Leviticus:

And you shall consecrate the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a Jubilee for you; and each of you shall return to his possession, and each of you shall return to his family . . . that fiftieth year shall be a Jubilee to you; in it you shall neither sow nor reap what grows of its own accord, nor gather the grapes of your untended vine. For it is the Jubilee; it shall be holy to you; you shall eat its produce from the field. In this Year of Jubilee, each of you shall return to his possession (Leviticus 25:10- 13).

The web site Bible Prophecy Numbers does an outstanding job in explaining the 49 vs. 50 in this manner:

Some scholars believe that the 49th year was the same as the “50th-year” of jubilee, reckoned inclusively. (The Bible contains dozens of examples where a time span is reckoned inclusively. For example, was a male child to be circumcised eight whole days after birth or on the "eight day", which might mean, seven days after birth counted inclusively—as is understood by observant Jews today?) However, the ambiguity of Lev. 25 allows for the 50th year to be exclusively reckoned as well. Proof of this is seen in the fact that scholars are divided upon which one it was—inclusive or exclusive. This would make the "50th year" of jubilee to be the 8th year of the ongoing seven-year cycles. (Or, in other words, the 50th year would be the first year of the ongoing seven-year cycles.)

Both W. Glenn Moore (below so referenced) and the aforesaid web site, Bible Prophecy Numbers, draw resounding attention to the “Grand” (which I title “Epic”) 490-Year Jubilee Cycles and that both the “49” and the “50” are adequately synchronized in man’s allotted 6,000-year history, validated somewhat by Genesis 6:3 which states:  “My Spirit shall not strive with man forever, for he is indeed flesh; yet his days shall be one hundred and twenty years.” This can be observed as follows:

The 6,000 years ÷ 490 years = 12 x 490 years = 5,880 years with a remainder of 120 years (to arrive at 6,000 years) or 5,880 years + 120 years = 6,000 years. Likewise: 6,000 years ÷ 50 years = 120 years. Only a “Divine Mind” could devise something which draws attention to both the 49 and the 50 within a 6,000-year time frame, while highlighting the 120 years finding it as both a remainder and then as the key factor in producing 6,000 years by using both 49 and 50 as multiplicands (i.e., 120 [multiplier] x 49 [multiplicand] = 5,880 years AND 120 x 50 = 6,000 years) to arrive at these products using the product of 5,880 years + 120 years = 6,000 years or the same product as 120 x 50 years = 6,000 years.

Calculating the Exodus to be in 1437 B.C.

Journey of Hebrews

Now, let us move on within these cycles of 490 years to determine their significance between the crossing of the Jordan River and the “end of the age.”

First—let us establish the date of the Exodus: The preponderance of evidence seems overwhelming that the Exodus from Egypt under Moses took place in 1437 B.C. The outstanding chronological work done by W. Glenn Moore substantiates this date and lends credibility to the theory of the “Grand Jubilee Cycles” of 490 years upon which we have and will continue to elaborate.  (Note:  The work of W. Gleen Moore was done completely separate and apart from my work--I did not know he existed until the writing of this article.)

"Since we have already discovered that there is substantial evidence Jubilee cycles of 49 years each are used to line up key historical and Biblical dates from creation to the time of the Exodus, it would simply be a matter of determining the approximate century of the Exodus, along with a Jubilee year that can be linked to that date.

"Archaeological evidence favors the mid 15th century BCE as the time of the Exodus. Chronologists will often list the year 1447/1446 as the most probable year of the Exodus. I agree with this general time frame, although I believe the evidence will support an exodus date 10 years later [i.e., 1437/1436].

"The discovery of 8 spoke chariot wheels at the bottom of the Red Sea makes it even more definite that the Exodus took place in the midst of the 15th century, for these were only created and used during the 18th Egyptian dynasty. The 18th dynasty extends from about 1550 BCE to about 1400 BCE, and chariot wheels with 8 spokes were an innovation that were discontinued after about 1400 BCE. Therefore, the only likely candidate for the pharaoh of the Exodus during that time would be Amenhotep II, whose father Thutmose III died after a reign of 54 years (which is the only reign that allows Moses 40 years to live in Arabia). Amenhotep II, reigned from ‘1454 BC in the high chronology’ till about 1432 BCE (based upon the examination of his remains, which indicate a 40 year old man who began to reign at 18 years, a total reign of about [according to my understanding] 18 to 22 years). That places his death very close to the time of the Exodus as given in this chronology (1436 BCE)."

8 spookes

Moore then goes into establishing the 1437 B.C. date for the Exodus by “working backwards” from the decree of Artaxerxes to restore Jerusalem and alludes to the Daniel 9:24-27 prophecy; to wit:

The very best historical explanation of Daniel 9 places the fulfillment of the prophecy from the year of the decree of Artaxerxes to restore Jerusalem, andthe entrance of Ezra into the land in 457 BCE would be the fulfillment of the first part of that prophecy (“the command to restore and rebuild Jerusalem”). Maimonides says that Ezra came into the land and that a new count began at that time, indicating that Ezra came into the land of Israel just in time to re-institute a new count to the year of Jubilee. That means he came into the land in the start of a year of Jubilee.

Using 457 BCE as our marker for the years of Jubilee, and calculating them backward to the approximate time of the Exodus, we can establish a date for the exodus 20 Jubilee cycles prior to that, in 1437/1436 BCE. That means there are 3 grand Jubilee cycles (490 years each) between the exodus and the time the gospel goes to the gentiles in 34 CE.

[Krieger Insert: Please note, we concur with the 3 sets of 490 years between 1437 B.C. and 33 A.D. or 3 x 490 = 1,470 years or 1437 B.C. + 33 A.D. = 1,470 years or the 1437/1436 B.C. dates as the starting point in that 1 B.C. to 1 A.D. constitutes but 1 year; however, the significance of these three sets, which may substantiate Moore’s chronological thesis is that the final 33 years of the 1,470 years or of the third set of 490s is Messiah’s age at His crucifixion on 1 April 33 A.D. {Julian Calendar} . . . this then draws attention to the year 2025 A.D. wherein there are an additional 4 sets of 490 years from 33 A.D. unto the year 1992 A.D. or 490 x 4 = 1,960 years or 33 A.D. + 1,960 years = 1,992 years {allowing for the 1 year only found in 1 B.C./1 A.D.} and then:  1,992 years + 33 years = 2025 years or 2025 A.D. as the terminus of the 6,000 years of human history. Thus, Messiah’s age at crucifixion acts as bookends of the “Church Age” between these four sets of 490s {from 33 A.D. unto 1992 A.D.} or 1 B.C./1 A.D. to 33 A.D. + 4 sets of 490s {1,960 years} = 1,992 years + 33 years = 2,025 years or 2,025 A.D. – more of this later.]

Since the Biblical chronology prior to the Exodus is stable and shows the Exodus to have been in a year of Jubilee, we can therefore postulate a very reliable estimate for the year of creation. There are 52 Jubilee Cycles leading up to the year of the Exodus. 52 times 49 = 2548 years from the creation to the Exodus. 2548 + 1437 = 3985 BCE, the most likely year of creation.

Moore

Krieger Note: Moore’s analysis is accurate if 1437 B.C. is the demarcation line of the 49-year Jubilee Segments—not the 490-year Grand Jubilee segments {i.e., 3985 B.C. unto  1437 B.C. = 2,548 years ÷ 49 = 52}; however, if we take the 490-year Grand Jubilee Cycles as is both the desire of Moore/Krieger {i.e., our general emphasis is upon these 490-year cycles} then we discover that from the Krieger start date of 3975 B.C. {Adam’s Creation} unto  1437 B. C.{the Exodus} there are some 2,538 years wherein there are a total of five (5) 490-year Epic Jubilee Cycles or 5 x 490 = 2,450 years + 88 years = 2,538 years. Again, these “88” years were first discovered in calculating the birth of Shem in 2,417 B.C. or 3,975 years{Adam’s Creation date in 3,975 B.C.—a date, 2417 B.C., in which Moore concurs in his Revised Bible Chronology is the year in which Shem was born}. The emphasis upon these additional “88” years within the context of Shem’s birth from Adam’s Creation lays stress upon the “8” as a New Beginning after the flood and of the New Beginning set forth in the New Heavens and New Earth after the 6,000—both laying stress upon Judgment and then New Beginning. This was symbolized in the “8 saved” in Noah’s Ark. Likewise, the “88” constitutes the missing “up to” 32 years at the end of the age wherein there are 12 sets of 490s equal to 5,880 years + 120 years = 6,000 years; therefore: If we consider these “88” years to be added to 32 years to constitute 120 years (88 + 32 = 120 years) then Messiah’s age would climax the final 32/33 years of human history—a most incredible disbursement of both the “88” and the “32/33” age of Messiah upon His death/resurrection acting, again, as bookends between 1 B.C./1 A.D. unto 33 A.D. {one set of Messiah’s Age or 32/33 years} + 1960 years {4 sets of 490s or 490 x 4 = 1,960 years} = 1992 years + the final set of Messiah’s age of 32/33 = 2,025 years or 2025 A.D. I would think that Mr. Moore would be quite pleased with these allocations.]

Projecting 6000 years from the fall of 3985 BCE [date of Adam’s creation by Moore] would lead us to conclude that the 6000th year of history will extend from the fall of 2015 [A.D.] to the fall of 2016 [A.D.], and therefore the 7th millennium would begin in the fall of the year 2016 [A.D.] of the common era. (Source: A Newly Revised Bible Chronology by W. Glenn Moore)

[Krieger’s note: Again, be it known that this author, Doug Krieger, has had up to this date, August 2015, absolutely no contact concerning the research of W. Glenn Moore nor of his understanding of the 490-year segments known as “Grand or Epic Jubilee Cycles”— therefore, it is altogether gratifying to have discovered the brilliant work of this man from Texas. Naturally, I do not concur with his interpretation of the 70th Week of Daniel as fulfilled already by Christ. “Until Messiah the Prince” was so acknowledged on 10 Nisan, April 1, 33 A.D. (Julian calendar—Jesus’ Triumphal Entry into Jerusalem known as Palm Sunday) as the fulfillment of the 69th Week in Daniel 9:26. Furthermore, Moore’s start date for the Creation of Adam in 3985 B.C. (our date is 3975 B.C.) does not find concurrence with this author; and, consequently, nor does his terminus of the 6,000 years to be from the fall of 2015 A.D. to the fall of 2016 A.D. Our dates were established long before our encounter with W. Glenn Moore’s research to be 3975 B.C. to 2025 A.D. or 6,000 years; but the “principles” of his research closely parallel our own. Finally, his claim that the 70th Week was completed in 34 A.D. with (1) Jesus’ crucifixion taking place in 30 A.D. (to which we do not concur—our date is 33 A.D.) and (2) the consequent preaching of the gospel to Cornelius in 34 A.D. (so we would assume) as the terminus of the 70th Week which is a traditional Historicist and/or Preterist interpretation countering the futurity of the 70th Week altogether.]

In summary then regarding the 1437 B.C. date of the Exodus:

At the time of the Conquest of Canaan by Israel, Egypt was nominally in control of the region.

(1)  Pharaoh Thutmose III (1504-1450 B.C.) had added the region to Egypt’s domain (Moses having been born just prior to the reign of Thutmose III in the year 1517 B.C. in that Moses was 80 years of age at the time of the Exodus or 1437 B.C. + 80 years = 1517 B.C.)

(2)  His son, Amenhotep II (1450-1424 B.C.), Pharaoh of the Exodus, continued control.

490s best

(Note: Our calculations/chronologies indicate that the Exodus took place in the year 1437 B.C. or 3975 years less 1437 years = 2,538 years or 5 sets of 490 = 2,450 years + 88 years = 2,538 years . . . the “88 years” finding its “120 years” by adding Messiah’s age from 1992 A.D. unto 2025 A.D. or 88 + 32 = 120 years. Also note that when 32 is used it is “up to” the very 33rd birthday of Jesus—for He was born on Passover and died on Passover Preparation day on 13/14 Nisan or on the Julian calendar date of 1 April 33 A.D./Wednesday or the Jewish Wednesday/Thursday of 13/14 Nisan with 14 Nisan, Passover, having commenced at twilight, 6:00 p.m. on our Julian calendar day of Wednesday but the Jewish Thursday).

(3)  Amenhotep II’s son, Thutmose IV (1424-1414 B.C.), was Pharaoh while Israel was in the wilderness. He was more interested in foreign alliances than military dominance.

(4)  Thutmose IV’s son, Amenhotep III (1414-1378 B.C.), now ruled—he was not interested in maintaining an empire. He was concerned with domestic interests (Source: Conquest of Canaan in Biblical Archaeology)

Note: Additional observations on Glenn Moore’s chronologies compared to our own can be found in FOOTNOTE #5.

947 B.C. – Solomon’s Temple Dedication

By establishing the Exodus to be in the year 1437 B.C., we can move the chronology forward by using 1 Kings 6:1 which indicates: “And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel had come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the Lord."

Naturally if you subtract 480 years from 1437 B.C. you will arrive at 957 B.C.— which is 10 years short of another 490-year Epic Jubilee Cycle . . . but this is when Solomon commenced the building of the Temple; not its dedication—that came 10 years later in 947 B.C. Incidentally, this renders improbable that Ramses II was the Pharaoh that confronted Moses because it demonstrates that Moses led the Hebrews out of Egypt some 158 years before Ramses II commenced his rule in Egypt; to wit:

It should be realized that the “Hyksos Expulsion” is not the same as the Exodus of Moses because one has to remember that Pharaoh Ahmose, the one that expelled the Hyksos, was long dead in 1437 B.C. when the Exodus seems to have occurred. — The association of King Thutmose III by Manetho may be out of knowing that the two peoples were related. — And finally, I am going to add that the other suspect for the Exodus, Amenhotep II, should by no means be ruled out. As a matter of fact, Professor William Shea (from Andrews University) wrote a paper on the subject which provides evidence of the possibility entitled“Amenhotep II as Pharaoh of the Exodus.” (Source: Debunking Atheism: Who was the Pharaoh of the Exodus)

The additional ten years, 957 B.C. to 947 B.C., giving us the Epic Jubilee Cycle from 1437 B.C. to 947 B.C. is graphically laid out in Signs in the Heavens and on  the Earth…Man’s Days Are Num bered…and he is Measured ; pp. 409-12 with the final 10 years of that period deciphered from accounts in 1 Kings 6:38 (7 years); 1 Kings 6:1; 7:1 (2 years); and 1 Kings 6:37-38; 8:2 (1 year) or 1437 B.C. to 947 B.C. being 490 years or 1437 less 490 years = 947 years.

Then the next 490 year segment brings us to 457 B.C. and to the “Persian Decree” aforementioned and then the next 490 year segment brings us to the crucifixion of the Messiah in 33 A.D. or 457 + 33 = 490 years (Note: The final 70th Week, however, is either replicated at the “end of days” or configured by deducting from this 490 year total the difference between “prophetic days” associated with the 360-day prophetic calendar of the Hebrews and our current luni-solar calendar.  This means: 490 years x 360 prophetic days per year = 176,400; whereas 490 years x 365.2524 days in a luni-solar year = 178,974 or a difference of 2,574 days ÷ 365.2524 = 7 years—thus we have a “twofer” wherein the final 7 years can be allotted to the future 70th Week of Daniel at the close of the age unto 2025 A.D.  

The above configuration can also be placed within the context of the 490 years from the Decree of the Persian King in 457 B.C. unto 33 A.D. (1 year constituting 1 B.C./1 A.D.) the crucifixion of Jesus. (Note: The 360-day ancient calendars all switched in approximately 639 B.C. when King Hezekiah pleading to the Almighty to extend his life—which He did—for an additional 15 years . . . it was at this time that the orbit of the Earth around the Sun was extended some 5.2524 days per “luni-solar year” from its original 360-day orbit to 365.2524 days.  [Ref. 2 Kings 18:1-2; 2 Chronicles 29:1])

The Bible’s chronological time-lines in accounting for the 480 years + 10 years to equal 490 years between the Exodus and the dedication of Solomon’s Temple are exceedingly intricate in that there is an allusion to 300 years mentioned in Judges 11:26 with one Judge, Ehud, leading Israel for some 80 years.

Again, in “Signs” (our text) between 1437 B.C. (the Exodus/first Passover) to the dedication of Solomon’s Temple in 947 B.C. (some 490 years) we documented that some 450 years (Acts 13:20-21 – “After that he gave them judges for about four hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet . . . And afterward they asked for a king; so God gave them Saul . . . for forty years”) wherein during this time frame of “about 450 years of the Judges” through the reign of King Saul there were 339 Years seen as “legitimate years” of the Judges, inclusive of King Saul’s reign for 40 years and 111 years “unacknowledged” (i.e., Israel under foreign domination for 111 years [the 20 years without judges are also excluded entirely from the chronology]) or from 1437 B.C. to 1003 B.C. = 434 actual years (or 450 years calculating 339 years under legitimate Judges + 111 years “unacknowledged” = 450 years). 

Added to these 434 years would be 2 years under the reign of Ishbosheth, Saul’s son, and then 40 years of the reign of King David for a total of 434 + 2 + 40 = 476 years. Then four years into the reign of King Solomon when he commenced the building of the Temple in 957 B.C., having reigned 4 years (1 Kings 6:37)  and then an additional 10 years found in 1 Kings 6:38; 6:1; 7:1; 67:37-38; 8:2 for a total of: 476 + 4 + 10 = 490 years. I realize this is exceedingly complicated but the charts at the end of this article will highlight these chronologies.

Joshua’s Unaccounted 15 Years & the Actual Entry Date into Canaan in 1405 B.C.

The preponderance of chronological concurrence that the invasion of Canaan Land by the Children of Israel took place in 1405/1406 B.C. seems ubiquitous.  If so, then how is it that there is both concurrence for the 1437 B.C. date of Israel’s Exodus and this 1405 B.C. for her entrance into Canaan Land found in Joshua 4:19 on 10 Nisan? The two dates are separated by the one in 1437 B.C. (Passover/Exodus) being in the first month between 14 Nisan and 17 Nisan and the other in 1405 B.C. being between 10 Nisan and 14 Nisan (Joshua 5:10)—approximate time of the Hebrew Calendar year. The difference between 1437 B.C. and 1405 B.C. is some 32 years; again, the age of Messiah when He was “cut off” or unto His 33rd birthday, Passover, 14 Nisan.

Notwithstanding the preponderance of scholars who adhere to the 1405 B.C. date, there are just as many who confirm that date to be some 40 years from the date of the Exodus in 1437 B.C. or 1437 B.C. less 40 years = 1397 B.C. some 7/8 years separating the two dates of the crossing of the Jordan River by the Children of Israel. Again, at issue is how do we resolve the differences in these two dates and, in particular, how do we reconcile what appears to be an apparent discrepancy in the accounting in the book of Joshua wherein for certain we know that Joshua died at the age of 110 (Joshua 24:29) and that he entered Canaan Land two years older than Caleb; most definitely, Joshua was NOT 95 years of age when he died.

Joshua was 80 years of age when he entered Canaan Land and Caleb was, according to Joshua 14:9-15 initially “forty years old when Moses the servant of the LORD sent me from Kadesh-Barnea to spy out the land” –therefore, since this date was two years already into the Wilderness Journey, Joshua had to have been 42 years of age at that time. Then in Joshua 14 it states:  “Now, behold, the LORD has kept me (i.e., Caleb) alive, as He said, these forty-five years . . . I am this day, eighty- five years old” (vs. 10); therefore, if Caleb lived 45 years beyond the  “spy mission” that would have meant that this 45 years would have been added to the original 2 years prior to the spy mission—so, 45 years + 2 years = 47 years would have transpired between Caleb’s Exodus experience until this accounting in Joshua 14.  Meaning, if he were now 85 he would have been 78 when the Conquest of Canaan began (for it lasted 7 years).  Caleb was 38 years old when he left Egypt and Joshua was 40 years of age; therefore, when Caleb uttered his words in Joshua 14, Joshua would have been 2 years his senior or 87 years of age.

Now, if Joshua were 87 years of age and died at 110 years of age, he would have lived some 23 years more in Canaan Land or he would have entered Canaan Land when he was 80 years of age + 7 + 23 = 110 years of age when he died. It is altogether clear that the Conquest of Canaan under Joshua’s leadership took some seven years. The problem with this accounting is straightforward: We only can account for 15 years of the 30 years (i.e., the first 7 years of conquest and the next 8 years of settlement—all of which are directly under Joshua leadership). The question being: Why are we “missing” some 15 years of his 110-year life? First let us look at these charts which are found on p. 212 of the Open Bible (Thomas Nelson, 1982 Copywrite):

Above Chart #1

Above Chart #2

The above charts present an accounting of the “years of Joshua” wherein in the final two horizontal columns we realize that Joshua is “missing” some 15 years— from the age of 95 Years to 110 Years.

Again, according to both Joshua 24:29 and Judges 2:8, Joshua was 110 years of age when he died; however, how old was Joshua at the time of the Exodus from Egypt?  What was his age two years later at Kadesh-Barnea when he spied out the Land of Canaan? How old was he at the crossing of the Jordan River and the commencement of the Conquest of Canaan? How old was he after the seven-year Conquest of Canaan? How old was he after the eight-year settlement of Canaan? He was 110 years of age at his death at the close of Joshua chapter 24 which simply includes from Joshua 1 through 24 the 15 year conquest and settlement of Canaan; however, it does NOT disclose some 15 years of Joshua’s final days. The following footnote details the 40 years of Wilderness Wandering. (See:  FOOTNOTE 6)

Joshua’s administrative leadership terminated at his death—he being 110 years old. In 1 Kings 6:1 we read: “And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel had come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel . . . .” Moses was succeeded immediately by Joshua when Moses was 120 years old. When Joshua died his administration was succeeded by the “time of the Judges.”  In Acts 13:20-21 Paul states:  “After that He gave them judges for about four hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet . . . and afterward they asked for a king; so God gave them Saul the son of Kish, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, for forty years.

Thus, some 480 years transpired from the Exodus nigh four years into the reign of King Solomon (i.e., the “Kings of Israel”) . . . King Solomon then took some 7 years to build the First Temple or 490 years transpired from 1437 B.C. to 947 B.C. when Solomon’s Temple was dedicated; however, it clearly states via Paul that the era of the Judges commenced some 450 years before the era of the Kings of Israel (Samuel’s anointing of David); therefore, 480 years less 450 years = 30 years. These thirty years constitute the period of time from the death of Moses and the immediate commencement of Joshua’s leadership until the death of Joshua at 110 years of age and the start of the era of the Judges of Israel. Joshua is Israel’s great “transitional figure.”

Again, please note: 947 B.C. (Solomon’s Temple Dedication year) to 2025 A.D. = 2972 years less 32 years (Messiah’s full age) = 2940 years ÷ 490 = 6 Grand Jubilee Cycles. Also: 1437 B.C. (the Exodus) to 2025 A.D. = 3,462 years less 32 years (Messiah’s Age) = 3,430 years ÷ 490 years = 7 Grand Jubilee Cycles + 32 years = 3,462 years.

Now, let us take the year 1405 B.C. acknowledged by many scholars to be the date of the invasion of Canaan Land to 2025 A.D.  or 1405 years + 2025 years = 3430 years ÷ 490 years = 7 Grand Jubilee Cycles each bearing 490 years. Now, from 457 B.C. to 2025 A.D.  we discover 5 Grand Jubilee Cycles or 2,482 years (457 years + 2025 years = 2,482 years) ÷ 490 = 5 sets of Epic/Grand Jubilee Cycles each bearing 490 years or 5 x 490 years = 2,450 years + 32 years = 2,482 years.

As a side note, when we divide 490 by 33 we arrive at 14.8484848484848484848484848, etc. which “appears” to highlight the number sets of both “14” and “84”—could this substantiate the 84 hours of the 70th Week of Daniel (3.5 days = 84 hours); while the “14” highlights the “genealogy of Jesus Christ” which is broken down into three sets of “14” in Matthew 1:7—“So all the generations from Abraham to David are fourteen generations from David until the captivity in Babylon are fourteen generations, and from the captivity in Babylon until the Christ are fourteen generation” (Matthew 1:1, 14).

Finally, when 84 is examined we find that there are two sets of “42” wherein, again, we find but two sets of this number set in the Hebrew Bible (2 Kings 2:24— the death of the 42 lads who mocked Elisha after the healing of the waters of death in Jericho and after the Rapture of Elijah; and 2 Kings 10:13-14—the death of the 42 brothers of King Ahaziah who conspired with King Joram and shortly thereafter the demise of Jezebel,  Mother of Harlots.  .  .  In both cases there is MUCH prophetic import). Then we find in the New Testament the same two sets of 42 wherein the Court of the Gentiles persecutes the Two Witnesses for 42 months (Rev. 11:2) and “authority to continue for 42 months” is given to the Beast to persecute the saints.  Thus 42 x 2 = 84 x 2 = 168 wherein there are 168 hours in one week. Likewise, the three generations of 14 x 3 = 42; finally: 168 + 42 = 210 which is a fractal/resemblance of the Hebrew Sacred Cubit’s 2.1 feet (i.e., 25.20 inches = 2.1 ft.).  Thus, is not our Lord Jesus Christ the “measure of all things?”

Arriving at 1405 B.C.

Rather than advancing these “15 unaccounted years” into the chronology—i.e., 1397 B.C. less 30 years = 1367 B.C.—we are alerted to the fact that all subsequent chronologies would be “out of sequence” (e.g., the dedication of King Solomon’s Temple in 947 B.C. would be “pushed forward” to 935 B.C. If we take the 15 unaccounted/unacknowledged years and add them back from the 1397 B.C. date (secured from 1437 B.C. + 40 years wandering in the Wilderness to the year 1397 B.C.) we discover the following: 1397 B.C. + 15 unaccounted for years = 1412 B.C.

However, from 1397 B.C. (1437 B.C. [the Exodus] to 2025 A.D.—the probable terminus of man’s 6,000 years and coming of the Messianic Age [i.e., 3975 B.C. unto 2025 A.D. = 6,000 years] there are some 3,423 years—inclusive). Now, from 1412 B.C. to 2025 A.D. there are some 3,437 years. By determining the “average” and/or “mean” (middle) number of years (between 3,423 years and 3,437 years) in calculating the actual date of the entry into the Land  of Canaan we find that 3,423 years + 3,437 years = 6,860 years ÷ 2 = 3,430 years, which would mean that 2025 A.D. + 1405 B.C.)  = 3,430 years.

The year 1405 B.C. becomes the actual year acknowledge to be the year that the Children of Israel commenced the Conquest of Canaan which turns out to be precisely 32 full years from the Exodus in the year 1437 B.C. or 9 months of 1437 B.C. (spring through the winter) and 3 months of 1405 B.C. (unto spring again) equaling to 1 year + the full years from 1436 B.C. to 1406 B.C. inclusive = 32 full years.

This brings us to the “brink” of the 33rd year of the following Passover which is precisely the age of Jesus, the Messiah, at His crucifixion—i.e., 32 full years or the age of 33 for He died on His birthday or 1 B.C./1 A.D. unto 33 A.D. or 32 full years at the age of 33 (for He was born on a Passover and died on Passover on His 33rd birthday). (Ref. Yet Another Eclipse of Herod, by John Pratt) 

Thus, the Passover becomes the dominating characteristic of these time frames: Exodus (the First Passover in 1437 B.C.) unto the First Passover in the Land of Canaan (1405 B.C.  [1397 B.C.]  or the 33rd Passover from 1437 B.C.); the Passover at the birth of Jesus in 1 B.C./1 A.D. (at the time of His birth) and the 33rd Passover at the crucifixion of Jesus in 33 A.D. (13/14 Nisan, April 1, 33 A.D. Julian Calendar) He being a full 32 years of age to the “brink” of His 33rd birthday.

Furthermore, if there are 1992 years between 33 A.D. and 2025 A.D. (33 + 1992 = 2025 years); then in examining these 1992 years we find that there are 4 sets of 490 year segments contained within them or 4 x 490 years = 1960 years—leaving a full 32 years again to arrive at 1992 years (1960 years + 32 years = 1992 years). Thus, the 32/33 age of Messiah stands out like “bookends” between His First Coming and His Second Coming: 32/33 years + 1960 years + 32/33 years = 2025 years with the same 32/33 years between the Exodus Passover and the Triumphal Conquest of Canaan in 1405 B.C.; therefore, 3 sets of 32/33 occupy the “prophetic calendar.”

Passion Week Best

In Review:

THE 120 YEARS (Genesis 6:3 – “Man’s days shall be 120 years.”). There are 5 sets of 490 years (5 x 490 years = 2,450 years) + 120 years = 2,570 years between 3975 B.C. (date of Adam’s creation) less 1405 B.C. (adjusted date for the beginning of the Conquest of Canaan) = 2,570 years or 5 sets of 490 years = 2,450 years + 120 years = 2,570 years (from Adam’s Creation to entering the Good Land—3975 B.C. to 1405 B.C. = 2,570 years ÷ 490 = 2,450 years with a remainder of 120 years = 2,570 years).

THE 120 YEARS: If man’s days are 6,000 years in that he was created on the sixth day and one day is as a thousand years according to the Apostle Peter, then there are 12 sets of 490 years between 3975 B.C. and 1905 A.D. or 490 years x 12 = 5,880 years + 120 years = 6,000 years or 1905 A.D. + 120 years = 2025 A.D. Therefore, the 120 years can be placed both at the beginning or at the end of the 6,000 years.

Best 490s

The 7 Sets of 490 Years:

There are 7 sets of 490 years or 7 x 490 = 3,430 years between 1405 B.C. (adjusted entry into Canaan Land) to 2025 A.D.  Thus, with the original 5 sets of 490 years in the first “120 Years” paragraph or 2,450 years (5 sets of 490 = 2,450 years + 120 years = 2,570 years—Adam’s Creation to the Entry into Canaan Land in 1405 B.C.) + 3,430 years (7 sets of 490) we not only have 5,880 years + the original 120 years = 6,000 years but we have the following which mirrors the Hebrew Sacred Cubit’s 2.1 feet or 25.20 inches:

2450 (years) = 2+4+5 = 11 and 3430 (years) 3+4+3 = 10

11 + 10 = 21

When we add the remaining 120 or “12” (dropping zero) we find:

21 + 12 = 33

This “33” is the age of Messiah at His crucifixion or 5+8+8 (or 5880 years) = 21 + 12 (the 120 years) = 33 or 5+8+8+12 = 33.

Best 120 Years Moses

32/33 Messiah’s Age: 

There are 3,462 years between the First Passover/Exodus in 1437 B.C. until 2025 A.D. wherein there are 7 sets of 490 years equaling to 7 x 490 years = 3,430 years + 32 full years equal to the age of Messiah at His crucifixion in that 3,430 years + 32 years = 3,462 years. Or put another way: There are 2,538 years between 3975 B.C. (Adam’s Creation) and the Exodus in 1437 B.C. (3975 less 1437 = 2,538 in years).  Within these 2,538 years there are 5 sets of 490 years and “88 years” or 5 x 490 years = 2,450 years + 88 years = 2,538 years. That leaves between 1437 B.C. (the First Passover/Exodus) to 2025 A.D. (the possible fulfillment year of the 6,000 years from Creation of Adam in 3975 B.C.) some 3,462 years wherein there are 7 sets of 490 years + Messiah’s age of 32/33 years or 7 x 490 years = 3,430 years + 32 full years = 3,462 years. Therefore, the “88” or the “8” of the Judgment rendered by the New Beginning after the Deluge (8 saved in the Ark) and the “8” or New Beginning after the 6,000 years (i.e., the Millennium or 7th Day) is joined by the “32/33” of Messiah at the conclusion of the age or 88 + 32 = 120 years.

33 YEAR END

32/33 Messiah’s Coming at the End of the Age:

There are … 3 sets of 490 years + 88 years from 3975 B.C. (creation of Adam) unto the birth of Shem in 2417 B.C. or 3 x 490 = 1,470 years + 88 years = 1,558 years or 3975 B.C. less 2,417 B.C. = 1,558 years wherein 3 sets of 490 = 1,470 + 88 years = 1,558 years.

5 sets of 490 years from 2417 B.C. (birth of Shem) until 33 A.D. (the “cutting off” of Messiah) or 2417 + 33 A.D. = 2,450 years ÷ 5 = 490 years or 5 x 490 years = 2,450 years broken down as follows:

490 years: 2417 B.C. to 1927 B.C. (Birth of Shem to the Birth of Isaac)

490 years: 1927 B.C. to 1437 B.C. (Birth of Isaac until the First Passover/Exodus) 490 years: 1437 B.C. to 947 B.C. (Exodus to the Dedication of Solomon’s Temple)

490 years: 947 B.C. to 457 B.C. (Dedication of Solomon’s Temple until the end of the Captivity/Decree)

490 years: 457 B.C. to 33 A.D. (Decree to Rebuild the Temple/City until the Crucifixion of Messiah)

TOTAL:  2,450 years

Best I Could Do

Thus, there are 4 sets of 490 years from 33 A.D. to 2025 A.D. + 32/33 years or 4 x 490 = 1,960 years + 32 years = 1992 years + Jesus’ original 32/33 years = 2025 years.  The next graphic helps to summarize our findings.

Conclusion:

This author fully realizes that this “chronological exercise” is exhausting even to the most ardent student of these matters—chronologies are a moving target and tend toward incessant revision.   However, that said, our research appears confirmed in many ways by diligent students of the Biblical chronologies such as W. Glenn Moore, Bishop James Ussher, J. R. Church, Tim Warner as found in his text, The Time of the End, and of late a dear brother from San Diego by the name of Chad Palermo who determined that the dates of 3975 B.C. and 2025 A.D. were the “6,000 year spread”—our sincere congratulations to Chad for his wonderful endeavors. It is truly amazing that virtually all of us are within ear-shot of each other’s chronologies in determining the start and ending of the 6,000 years.

If this author is correct—and it does appear that the Seventieth Week of Daniel remains yet future—then we have scarcely little time to waste and we must be about the Father’s business. We are approaching “The Time of the End” which conclusion is both daunting, as well as "inspirationally hopeful"—for man’s inhumanity against man shall have ended and Divine Deliverance shall be wrought by the Lamb upon the Throne as viewed from the Revelation.

May the Lord, the Holy Spirit, stir within us an undying love for His Word, his people, the lost souls who abound and an ever-abounding love for His Appearing. God bless us all “as we see the Day approaching!”

Doug Krieger – September 12, 2015

END NOTES

FOOTNOTE 1:  “Prophetic Speculation has always concerned the Church; to wit:

  •  During the great plague of Europe (1348-1352), prophets said the end was at hand and that Christ would appear within 10 years.
  •  The Roman Catholic Church has often figured in end-time scenarios. John Wycliffe, a 14th- century reformer, said the Catholic mass was Daniel’s abomination of desolation.
  •  Martin Luther (1483-1546) believed the church’s final conflict with evil would pit it against the Turks and the pope.
  •  John Knox, in 1547, saw the pope in Daniel 7:24-25.
  •  In 1806, at Leeds, a hen laid eggs bearing the words, “Christ is coming.” Many visited the spot and “got religion.” Then someone discovered that the ink-inscribed eggs had been forced up into the chicken’s body.
  •  John Wesley said the end would come in 1836. Others suggested 1830 and 1847.
  •  Based on the text of Daniel 8:14, a New England farmer named William Miller expected the world to end in 1843 or 1844. His followers pinpointed Oct. 22, 1844.
  •  Unwilling to accept the Great Disappointment that resulted when Oct. 22 passed without Christ’s return, some explained that Christ began to cleanse the “heavenly sanctuary” on that date. They thus gave birth to the modern Adventist movement.
  •  Charles Taze Russell, whose public Bible studies formed the foundation of the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society, said Christ had returned to earth in 1874 and would begin his visible reign in 1914. Jehovah’s Witness literature later spoke of “the Creator’s promise of a peaceful and secure new world before the generation that saw the events of 1914 passes away.”
  •  Contemporary failed speculations include those of Edgar C. Whisenant, who in 1988 listed 88 Reasons Why the Rapture Will Be in 1988 (when Christ failed to return, he predicted the rapture for 1989); a book produced in Georgia that placed the rapture on Oct. 8, 1992, at 12:55 p.m. Eastern Daylight time; and a Korean prophet’s assertion that the rapture was set for midnight, Oct. 20 or 28, 1992. (In South Korea, 20,000 Christians left school or quit jobs to await the end.) (Source:https://www.gci.org/prophecy/return2)
  •       Likewise: Hippolytus (500 A.D.); Christopher Columbus (1492); John Nelson Darby (1840s); Harold Camping, May 21, 2011; and many, many more.

FOOTNOTE 2:  Jewish tradition states: “The first cycle started after the years of conquering and dividing the land, in the fifteenth year after they cross the Jordan River (1268 BCE).” (Source: Chabad.org) This author does NOT concur with this assessment either in the commencement of the Shemitah nor in the year 1258 B.C. The countdowns to the first Shemitah began from the immediate crossing of the Jordan River on 10 Nisan 1405 B.C.—please see explanation in this article.

FOOTNOTE 3:  While the Torah ordinarily counts months starting from Nissan (in the spring), the years of this cycle—and the Shemittah, too—begin with Rosh Hashanah, at the start of the autumn month of Tishrei. (Chabad.org)

(Note: This author sees the significance of Tishrei as the commencement of Rosh Hashanah regarding the Shemittah; however, the crossing of the Jordan on 10 Nisan as recorded in Joshua 4:19: “Now the people came up from the Jordan on the tenth day of the first month (i.e., Nisan), and they camped in Gilgal on the east border of Jericho.” We know that this “first month” was Nisan in that the Passover (Nisan 14) was immediately celebrated after Gilgal/Circumcision: “Now the children of Israel camped in Gilgal, and kept the Passover on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight on the plains of Jericho” (Joshua 5:10).

FOOTNOTE 4:  When all the twelve tribes lived in Israel, in their ancestral estates, the year following seven complete Shemittah cycles—the fiftieth year—was observed as Yovel, the Jubilee year. During Yovel, too, the land was not worked, as during Shemittah. In addition, during the Yovel year all slaves were freed, and all fields and houses sold during the past fifty years were returned to their original owners. Unlike Shemittah, however, the Yovel year is no longer observed. 

FOOTNOTE 5:  I commend the work of W. Glenn Moore of Jubilee Countdown Ministries in Burleson, TX for the fine work which he accomplished—having chanced upon it and his concept of the “Grand Jubilee Cycles” of 490 years. Moore has clearly seen these connections from Scripture and has calculated the date of the Exodus to be that of 1437 B.C.  He unfortunately at one point states that the dedication of Solomon’s Temple was in the year 487 B.C. Either this was a misprint or he truly affirms this date to be that of the Temple’s initial dedication. Moore commences the creation of Adam in the year 3985 B.C. (10 years beyond our date of 3975 B.C.). He makes one conclusion to which we find historical affirmation:

“Amenhotep II [Pharaoh of Egypt] reigned from ‘1454 B.C. in the high chronology’ till about 1432 B.C. (based upon the examination of his remains, which indicate a 40 year old man who began to reign at 18 years, a total reign of about [according to my understanding] 18 to 22 years).  That places his death very close to the time of the Exodus as given in this chronology (1436 BCE [whereas the Tribnet acknowledges 1437 B.C. as the year of the Exodus]).”

Later on, Moore places the dedication of Solomon’s Temple in the year 948 B.C. or 947 B.C. which is, again, exceedingly close to our own date.

Likewise, the date of Shem’s birth in 2417 B.C. is identical to our own. Where Moore seems to have erred is in adding 10/11 years between Adam’s Creation and the birth of Shem which he calls “Adjustment Years added or subtracted”—a “chronological technique” likewise employed by Tim Warner. The additional years were added so that instead of Shem’s birth (1558 years from Adam’s Creation) and Shem living an additional 100 years until the Deluge (1558 years + 100 years = 1658 years) we find that Moore, by adding additional years arrived somehow at 1666 years (Adam’s Creation until the Deluge) so that 1666 ÷ 49 = 34 separate Jubilee Cycles of 49 years each.  Our calculations project the year 2417 B.C. (which Moore also embraces) until 33 A.D. constitute 5 sets of 490 “Great Jubilee Cycles” or 2,450 years.

The 2417 B.C. date when subtracted from the “actual” chronology of 3975 B.C. leaves a remainder of 1558 (not 1569 according to Moore’s “Adjustment Years added”). These 1558 years contain 3 sets of 490 Great Jubilee Cycles or 3 x 490 years = 1,470 years + 88 years = 1558 years. The “88 years” lays stress upon the “New Beginning” after the Deluge and the “8 saved” in the Ark of Noah; finally, it is ultimately matched by the full 32 years at the end of the 6,000 years by adding the 32 years to the 4 sets of 490 years from 33 A.D. unto 1960 A.D. + 32 years = 2025 A.D.  This is accomplished so that the end of the age heralds the coming of Messiah and, as bookends, the Messiah’s First coming is a full 32 years unto His 33rd birthday on Passover and the final 32 years draws attention to His Coming again in glory at the close of this age! Together, the 88 + 32 = 120 years + 12 sets of 490 since the creation of Adam or 490 x 12 = 5880 years + 120 years = 6,000 years. There simply is no need to adjust the chronologies to support one’s well-intentioned agenda; notwithstanding, brother Moore has far more humility than I in announcing he neither knows the day nor the hour of Messiah’s coming:

“I do not claim to know when the end of this age will come, although I believe that it is coming soon. I believe that such an event will take place near the end of 6000 years of earth's history. Yes, I do believe that the year 2015/16 is most likely the year 6000 based upon history as aligned with the Jubilee cycles and Bible chronology. And just to clarify the point, I also do not claim to know when the Messiah will return.” (See: http://www.itsaboutthattime.net/art/about.html)

Moore pursues his chronologies as follows:

“Projecting 6000 years from the fall of 3985 BCE would lead us to conclude that the 6000th year of history will extend from the fall of 2015 to the fall of 2016, and therefore the 7th millennium would begin in the fall of the year 2016 of the Common Era.”

The conclusions reached by Moore are extrapolated in great detail wherein his use of the “Grand Jubilee Cycle” of 490 years is utilized (i.e., 10 x 49 years = 490 years = ONE set of 490 years known as a “Grand Jubilee Cycle”). Yes, I concur that the years between 3985 B.C.  to 2015/2016 A.D. constitute 6,000 years; whereas,  the Tribnet’s chronologies determine Adam’s creation to be that of 3975 B.C. with 2025/2026 A.D. to be the terminus of the 6,000 years. It seems rather obvious that Moore may have missed it by at least 10 years? Even so—an outstanding attempt has been made even if his final determination seems to have missed the mark—but not by much. Even so, Tim Warner has accomplished the same but in the opposite direction—i.e., the 70thWeek of Daniel will commence in the year 2029-2030 A.D. and the Second Coming will conclude the week on Yom Kippur 2036 A.D.; to wit: “This means that the second coming at the end of the 70th week will be on Yom Kippur, AD 2036, assuming the Gregorian dates for these events are correct. It must be Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) because this is when the Jubilee trumpet is blown announcing the 120thJubilee year” (Lev. 25:9) (pp. 321-322 The Time of the End by Tim Warner, 2012). The “120th Jubilee Year” I assume would be calculated as 50 years x 120 = 6,000 years.  Consequently, if the “target date” is set at AD 2036 it would be some 11 years beyond our 2025 AD; whereas, Moore’s date of 2015/2016 AD is some 10/11 years beneath our calculations—fascinating differential.  

 

Chronology of the Patriarchs

Chronology of the Patriarchs

FOOTNOTE 6:  The forty years spent wandering between Egypt and Canaan therefore occupy the years 1437 B.C. through 1397 B.C. (after Adam some 2538 years to 2578 years or 3975 B.C. less 1437 B.C. = 2538 years and 3975 B.C. less 1397 B.C. = 2578 years). A detailed account of this 40-year sojourn, in the various wildernesses around the Sinai and Arabian peninsulas, is given below. The wandering period is EXACTLY FORTY YEARS, and these days end officially on the day after the manna stops falling and Israel first eats of the grain of Canaan. This occurs on Nisan 15, 1397 B.C. some 2,578 years after the creation of Adam (following Joshua 5:10-11).  The final fifteen days of the wandering period are detailed in Joshua 1:1 through 5:10. The forty years are denoted in the chart below:

Biggie

NOTE: From Deuteronomy 34:8 to Joshua 1:11 two days to three days (Joshua 2:16) + 1 day (Joshua 3:1) + 3 days (Joshua 3:2) unto Nisan 10, the 10th day in Joshua 4:19 or 10 “days” and then Nisan 2-3 Gilgal and then on Nisan 13/14 the First Passover in Canaan Land and then 14/15 Nisan the Children of Israel did eat the produce of the land “the day after Passover” (Joshua 5:11 as per the Feast of Unleavened Bread) and then on Nisan 15/16 “Then the manna ceased on the day after they had eaten the produce of the land” and then on Nisan 17, 1397 B.C. the Commander of the LORD’S army encountered Joshua (Joshua 5:13-15).

NOTE: Palm Sunday—the Triumphal Entry of Jesus, as Messiah, riding on a donkey into Jerusalem was on 10 Nisan—the same day that Israel crossed the Jordan. Likewise, His crucifixion on 13/14 Nisan was on Passover Preparation Day and that evening (Passover, Nisan 14 at Twilight) He was buried) and He arose from the grave on 17 Nisan (Sunday morning having made Himself known after 3 days and 3 nights + 12 hours on the evening of 16/17 Nisan or 3.5 days (10 Nisan to 13/14 Nisan) and 3.5 days (14 Nisan to 16/17 Nisan) = 7 days or 1 week. The Resurrection took place on 17 Nisan – the same day that the Commander of the LORD’S army encountered Joshua (Joshua 5:13-15).

The book of Deuteronomy, including Joshua 1:1-5-5:10 covers some 2.5 months. Thus, 39 years and 9.5 months now have 2.5 months added to them.  Therefore, from Passover, Nisan 14, 1437 B.C. unto Passover, Nisan 14, 1397 B.C. there are precisely 40 years (Passover to Passover). In summary: The Exodus occurred on 15 Nisan in the year 1437 B.C. some 2,538 years after the creation of Adam and forty years later on 1397 B.C. (2,578 years), Nisan 14/15 the first Passover was commemorated in the Land of Canaan—precisely 40 years wherein 9 months occurred in 1437 B.C. (spring on the Gregorian Calendar) + 39 years (1436 B.C. through to the end of 1398 B.C. that is totally inclusive) + 3 months (spring) of 1397 B.C. = 40 total luni-solar years (Gregorian and Hebrew Calendars alike).

NOTE: The Conquest of Canaan will consume another 7 years or from 1397 B.C. through to 1390 B.C. or some 2,585 years from the creation of Adam. Caleb announces to Joshua at the commencement of the settlement of the land by the children of Israel that he is 85 years of age (Joshua 14:6-15) vs. 10 and that he was 40 years of age when he spied out the land at Kadesh-Barnea (vs. 7) and, consequently, kept “alive” some 45 years thereafter of which some 38 of those 45 years he spent wandering in the wilderness with the Children of Israel until he entered the Land of Canaan at the age of 40 + 38 = 78 years of age and then 7 years in the Conquest of Canaan or 78 years of age + 7 years = 85 years of age. Thus, the conquest was complete in the year 1390 B.C. but the “settlement” or the division of the land by the Tribes of Israel took an additional 8 years and extended through Joshua 22 with the “Farwell Address” of Joshua found in Joshua 23 with his death in Joshua 24; however, these 15 years are “unaccounted” for in the text. Consequently, the 1405 B.C. date of Israel’s entry into Canaan is traditionally affixed to the chronology as per our explanation. Israel in Deuteronomy 2 (before they entered Canaan) conquered Sihon, the Amorite king of Heshbon wherein Israel took “all the coasts of the Amorites from Arnon even to Jabbok.” Later in the Book of Judges, the Judge Jepthah contests with the Ammonites that they have “just claimed back” Heshbon since it was rightfully a part of Israel in that it was conquered some 300 years earlier by Israel (Judges 11:26). In Judges 10:8 the reign of Jepthah as Judge of Israel may have commenced. There seems to be a high degree of historical accuracy “that year” mentioned in Judges 10:8 with the first year of “Jair.” This would mean that the conversation with Jephthah found in Judges 11 and his subsequent leadership in Israel occurred some 285 to 287 years after the initial conquest of Heshbon by Israel; thereby accounting for at least 15 missing years in the chronologies.

 

(Note:  This is Part 2 of "Shemitah" - Please go to Part 1)

 

 

 

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