THE KINGS OF ISRAEL-JUDAH, BABYLON & PERSIA
In Light of Daniel's 70-Week Prophecy
By: Douglas W. Krieger
Initially, I planned to write a two-part series; however, it now appears as more "scenery" along the road comes into view, that it will be necessary to extend this into a three-part effort - truly the reigns of the Babylonian and Persian kings and their interaction with Judah, both going into the 70-year Captivity and coming out of the 70-year Captivity and the commencing of the 70-Week prophecy of Daniel is simply breathtaking insofar as the inspiring chronologies - both from the Bible and history - which confirm again and again that the Bible is indeed, the Book of books!
Persian Kings - Darius II to Darius III
As we have said, the work of the Jews in the building of the Second Temple in Jerusalem was again frustrated (Ezra 4:23) and discontinued until the second year of the reign of Darius the Great (Ezra 4:24 who married Queen Esther), which would have been in the year 520 BC (the second year of the reign of Darius II.
Darius the Great, or Ahasuerus as he is known in the book of Esther, was also called Artaxerxes the Great. The year 520 BC marked the return of the Jews in completing the building of the Second Temple under Zerubbabel (536-520 BC), the Governor, and Joshua, the High Priest, and duly recorded by Zechariah, the prophet.
Again, it was in the reign of Cyrus the Great in 536 BC the Second Temple's construction commenced; therefore, the “on again, off again” frustrations to the building of the Second Temple persisted from 536-520 BC (at least).
We can see, once again, the hidden hand of the Almighty working through Queen Esther who was married to Darius the Great (Darius II) in somehow encouraging the completion of the Second Temple; for the Jews in the Persian Empire's 120 satraps were shown favor when the wily Haman, who tried to annihilate the Jews, was exposed for his crafty ways and killed, along with his 10 sons on the gallows ("11" is the number of the Antichrist--11th Horn). No doubt Mordecai, Esther's uncle and she, as Queen, played a major role in getting the building project going again!
(4) Darius II (Artaxerxes the Great and Ahasuerus [Heb.] a Mede by descent]) the Fourth King – 521-485 BC
As stated, Darius II/Ahasuerus married his Queen Esther (aka, Hadassah) and reigned for 36 years. The first 7 Weeks of Daniel’s 70-Week Prophecy or 49 years ends three years before the terminus of the reign of Darius II, Artaxerxes the Great, in the year 488 BC (537-488 BC) . . . the reign of Darius II ended three years later in 485 BC. So, 488 BC marks the terminus of the 49 years (7 weeks or 7 heptads or 7s). No doubt Hadassah rejoiced to see this day!
This is the Darius mentioned in Ezra 5: “To Darius the king” (Ezra 5:7). This lengthy letter (Ezra 5:7-17) was written and sent by “Tattenai, the governor of the region beyond the River and Shethar-Boznai and their companions, the Persians who were in the region beyond the River” (Ezra 5:3, 6), knowing full-well, their efforts to forestall further construction of the Second Temple had to be couched in words which would not implicate themselves—so they made reference to Cyrus the Great (Ezra 5:17) who had originally initiated the project . . . but be it known they were, nevertheless, trying to frustrate the building. Remember, it was the king following Cyrus the Great, King Cambyses/Artaxerxes, who complied with these rascals who were determined to frustrate the rebuilding of the Second Temple for his entire reign of 7 years. "Like father, like son" did not apply to Cambyses. However, now a Persian king arises whose response to the project is thoroughly researched in this vast empire. His response to their letter designed to continue the frustration of the building project turns out to be thwarted by Darius the Great, after diligent research (Ezra 6:1) to issue a decree in Ezra 6:4-12 to complete the building of the Second Temple posthaste!
The GAP between the first Seven Weeks of Daniel’s 70-Week Vision and the next 62 Weeks begins in 488 BC (the 7 weeks or 49 years lasted from 537 BC unto 488 BC) or 537 BC less 49 years = 488 BC. NOTE: It was in the “first year of Cyrus king of Persia” that Cyrus the Great made his “proclamation” to return the Jews to their homeland (Ezra. 1:1-11 through Ezra 2:1-70; 2 Chronicles 36:22-23) and end their 70-year Captivity in Babylon (607 BC unto 537 BC – see also, Daniel 9:1-2 and Daniel 10:1 wherein 3 years after Cyrus the Great’s “proclamation” to return the Jews to Jerusalem (in the year 535 BC or 537-535 BC), the prophecies concerning Persia and Greece are given to Daniel; although the prophecy of the 70 Weeks was given the same year/time that the terminus of the 70-year Captivity ended, 538/537 BC--Daniel 9:1-2, 3-19 [Daniel's prayer]; 20-27).
Indeed, it was during the very reign of Darius the Great (married to Queen Esther)—whose reign was from 521-485 BC—that the Second Temple was completed; to wit:
“Now the temple was finished on the third day of the month of Adar, which was the sixth year of the reign of King Darius” (Ezra 6:15). [or in the year 515 BC]
Since it was in the “sixth year” of the reign of King Darius the Great (aka Darius II/Artaxerxes the Great—there being three kings so mentioned: Cyrus, Darius, and Artaxerxes (Ezra 6:14) leading up to the Second Temple’s dedication), it would of necessity mean that from 537-515 BC (515 BC being the “sixth year” of the reign of King Darius the Great—aka, Darius II and Artaxerxes the Great), some 22 years would have transpired or 21 years (exclusive of 537 BC in that the Jews did not lay the foundation of the Second Temple until that very next year, 536 BC (therefore, 536-515 BC). The mentioning of the three kings in Ezra 6:14 in sequence should have been: Darius the Mede, Cyrus the Great and Artaxerxes the Great (aka, Darius the Great or Darius II, and likewise, Queen Esther's Ahasuerus).
These three kings had given sundry decrees to both start and continue the building of the Second Temple. Cyrus the Great is mentioned first because, although Darius the Mede was undoubtedly supportive, he was, nevertheless, overshadowed by the administrative genius of his heir-apparent, son-in-law, and received but "honorable mention" - whereas, Cambyses/Artaxerxes is left out altogether in the accounting of the supportive kings, with Artaxerxes the Great/Darius the Great (aka Darius II/Ahasuerus) mentioned third. He is mentioned again (Ezra 6:15) using the name of King Darius: "Now the temple was finished on the third day of the month of Adar, which was in the sixth year of the reign of King Darius" (aka Darius II--who reigned from 521-485 BC; 36 years, or in 515 BC).
One can readily see that the alleged “49 years” (the initial 7 weeks of 7’s (heptad) or 7 X 7 = 49 years) for the completion of the Second Temple did not include the rebuilding of the City of Jerusalem, and in particular, her wall, which took an additional time frame under subsequent Jewish leadership. Daniel alludes to the fact:
"Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the command to restore and build Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince, there shall be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublesome times" (Daniel. 9:25).
Obviously, the GAP between the 7 weeks and the 62 weeks is embedded in the fact that these "clusters" of weeks are singled out for a reason: They are separated by the fact of their expression: "seven weeks AND sixty-two weeks." It is within that GAP that there shall arise troublesome times until those "troublesome times" are completed, there would NOT be the commencement of the 62 weeks. That is our key to understanding WHEN the sixty-two weeks portion of the 70-Week prophecy would commence and the GAP terminated. Forgive me for being a bit wordy here; however, it was during this GAP, these troublesome times, that "the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublesome times" (Daniel 9:25) (i.e., between 488-401 BC or during this 87-year gap). We shall see that it was during this time frame that the "troublesome times" occurred wherein the effort to rebuild Jerusalem's infrastructure (the street and the wall) were greatly hampered but, nevertheless, built.
THE 21-YEARS OF 536-515 BC AND THE 21-YEARS BETWEEN 607-586 BC OR JUDAH GOING INTO CAPTIVITY AND COMING OUT OF CAPTIVITY .. .
However, upon closer examination of these initial 7 weeks/49 years, we discover they may give us additional clues embedded within their disparities . . . for the completion of the Second Temple took place within a 22-year time frame (537-515 BC; although the actual building occurred over a 21-year period of time--536-515 BC).
Digressing a bit, I find it rather ironic that this all takes place "coming out of captivity" (the first 22/21 years of the first 49 years coming out of captivity) - whereas, going "into captivity" there is a similar discourse of years wherein from 607 BC unto 586 BC we have an another 21-year period of time (i.e., 607 less 586 = 21 years with a major siege of Jerusalem after the initial siege by King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon in 607 BC taking place in 597 BC (10 years after the first siege). Please examine more closely the extant of these captivities of both the 10 Northern Tribes of Samaria/Israel/Ephraim and those of Judah in this map below:
There was evidence that Babylon was "making a move" on Jerusalem even in the days of Hezekiah when they sent ambassadors to King Hezekiah to see the "great riches and honor" of the Temple of King Solomon (2 Chron. 32:31; 2 Kings 20:12-19). Upon flaunting his wealth and that of the Temple's treasures, King Hezekiah was rebuked by the prophet Isaiah, who told him that the day was coming "when all that is in your house, and what your fathers have accumulated until this day, shall be carried to Babylon, nothing shall be left" (2 Kings 2:17). This took place shortly after Hezekiah's promise of an extended life from 14 years to an additional 15 years (29-year reign) cir. 712 BC for in 697 BC (712 BC less 15 years = 697 BC) Hezekiah "rested with his fathers" and "King Manasseh, his son, reigned in his place" (2 Kings 20:20-21).
King Manasseh's 55-year reign (687-642 BC) was fraught with gross evil--the Assyrians came in and carted him off to Babylon where he repented and was returned to Jerusalem, once again to be her King (2 Chron. 33:10-17). There are, again, some minor differences of opinion between Lambert Dolphin's chart and my own chronologies concerning the reigns of the Kings of Judah and Israel; however, we can safely say without hesitation that the fall of Samaria wrought by the Assyrians was in the year 722 BC; allow me:
"Now it came to pass in the fourth year of King Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea the son of Elah, king of Israel, that Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria and besieged it." (2 Kings 18:11)
We know that King Hoshea of Israel (10 Northern Tribes of Israel) reigned for nine years (2 Kings 17:1); and that Assyrian King Shalmaneser came up against King Hoshea and made Samaria his vassal whereupon King Hoshea had to "pay him tribute money" (aka, "taxes") (2 Kings 17:3-4). King Shalmaneser besieged Samaria for three years and "In the ninth year of Hoshea, the king of Assyria took Samaria and carried Israel away to Assyria, and placed them in Halah, and by the Habor, the River of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes" (2 Kings 17:4-6).
Now, in that we read in 2 Kings 18:8-13 that if, indeed, the fall of Samaria was in 722 BC, that was the ninth year of King Hoshea's reign. It was in the 7th year of King Hoshea's reign that the siege of Samaria by the Assyrians commenced in earnest. That seventh year was the fourth year of King Hezekiah's reign (i.e., 729-725 BC). Three years later (years 7, 8, 9) it became the "sixth year of Hezekiah, that is, the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria was taken" (2 Kings 18:9-10). The "years" so given are difficult to follow in that "portions" of a "year" could be but a month (but still expressed as "a year")--therefore, we are somewhat generous in this accounting in saying that the Fall of Samaria took place in 722 BC (the traditional year of the "Fall of Samaria") in that King Hezekiah's fourth year was in 725 BC and his sixth year would have been THREE years later or in 722 BC (725 BC less 3 years = 722 BC). The 722 BC date finds itself within the sixth year of King Hezekiah's reign; therefore, since he reigned for 29 years we simply subtract from 722 BC some 23 years (29 less 6 = 23) and find that his reign ended near or around 698/97 given the "monthly disparities" in calculating a full year.
Thus, we have reconciled the dates of the demise of King Hoshea and those of King Hezekiah surrounding the 722 BC date of the Fall of Samaria, as well as the approximate date of King Hezekiah's death some 23 +/- 1 year after this 722 BC date or 722/721 less 23 years = 698/697 BC.
We must keep in mind that the end of the reign of King Hoshea was at the fall of Samaria in 722 BC (having reigned a total of nine year (2 Kings 17:1). or from
In viewing Lambert Dolphin's chart, it appears to make a whole lot more "chronological sense" in taking the death of King Hezekiah to be in 698-697 BC (the terminus of his reign of 29 years) and not 687 BC as proposed by Lambert Dolphin. Then the remaining reigns of the Kings of Judah should be subtracted from the 698-697 BC date; to wit:
King Manasseh--55 years; King Amon--2 years; King Josiah--31 years; King Jehoahaz--3 months; King Jehoiakim--11 years; King Jehoiachin--3 months; King Zedekiah--11 years = 111 years (adding the 3 months' portions as a full year); therefore 697 BC less 111 years = 586 BC, which 586 BC is the final Siege of Jerusalem and the 9th of Av.
That said, however, we must keep in mind that Judah's 70-year Captivity commenced some 21 years earlier in 607 BC in the initial siege by King Nebuchadnezzar during his efforts to conquer the Egyptians. These dates could perhaps be integrated into Lambert's chart? The 607 BC date brings us into (see below) the initial Siege of Jerusalem by King Nebuchadnezzar - reinforced by Daniel's accounting below.
In Daniel 1:1-2 we learn:
"In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah (609-607 BC), Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came to Jerusalem and besieged it. . . And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with of the articles of the house of God, which he carried into the land of Shinar to the house of his god; and he brought the articles into the treasure house of his god."
Then we also read in Jeremiah 46:2:
"Concerning the army of Pharaoh Necho, king of Egypt, which was by the River Euphrates in Carchemish, and which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon defeated in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah, king of Judah."
AFTER the initial Siege of Jerusalem in 607 BC, in the fourth year of King Jehoiakim's reign (609-598 BC), which could have been in 605 BC given the "proportional distribution" of partial months considered as a year, the Battle of Carchemish between Pharaoh Necho and King Nebuchadnezzar II took place near the Euphrates River.
Jehoiakim had been installed by this same Pharaoh Necho in 609 BC after the armies of Judah, under King Josiah, came up against Pharaoh Necho. Pharaoh Necho had gone to the aid of the king of Assyria at the River Euphrates against the King of Babylon. Pharaoh Necho had no "beef" with King Josiah, who attempted to interfere in the fray. Later, the battle between Pharaoh Necho and King Josiah erupted and was settled at Megiddo, where King Josiah was slain by Pharaoh Necho (2 Kings 23:29-30).
Then, King Jehoahaz was installed over Judah; but reigned only three months when Pharaoh Necho put him into prison in Riblah, near Hamath, and then hauled him away captive to Egypt--replacing him with King Eliakim, the son of Josiah, whose name the Pharaoh changed to King Jehoiakim. King Jehoiakim reigned in Jerusalem for 11 years (609-598 BC).
When King Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon deposed King Jehoiakim at the end of 598 BC, then King Jehoiachin reigned over Judah from December 9, 598 BC to March 16, 597 BC. King Nebuchadnezzar (after attacking Judah and deposing of both Kings Jehoiakim and King Jehoiachin in 598-597 BC), then went on and defeated the armies of Pharaoh Necho, king of Egypt, at Carchemish, in the year 605 BC (counting: 609 BC, 608 BC, 607 BC [third year of King Jehoiakim's reign], 606 BC [fourth year of his reign] of King Jehoakim, king of Judah). However, the year 605 BC could also be considered the fourth year of King Jehoakim's reign in that a small portion of 609 BC, then 608 BC, 607 BC, 606 BC, and then the fourth year of his reign in 605 BC. Due to the proportional distribution of months in a given year the time frames are accordingly adjusted to reflect the Biblical record--this "adjustment" aligns perfectly well with historical accounting. (See: Wikipedia)
Pharaoh Necho's defeat of King Josiah in 609 BC (2 Chronicles 35:20-27) at Megiddo was uncalled for, because, as stated in this passage, Pharaoh Necho did not wish to have war with King Josiah. Pharaoh Necho was emphatic that he had nothing against King Josiah and that "God commanded me to make haste . . . Refrain from meddling with God, who is with me, lest He destroy you" (2 Chron. 35:21); and, indeed, God did destroy the otherwise "good" King Josiah, but not at Carchemish by the Euphrates, but in the Valley of Megiddo (aka Jezreel). The son of Josiah, Jehoahaz (at twenty-three years of age) became King of Judah at that time (609 BC); but reigned for only three months when the King of Egypt, Pharaoh Necho "deposed him at Jerusalem" (2 Chronicles 36:1-4). "Then the king of Egypt made Jehoahaz's brother Eliakim king over Judah and Jerusalem, and changed his name to Jehoiakim . . . And Necho took Jehoahaz his brother and carried him off to Egypt" (2 Chronicles 36:4).
All this took place in 609 BC. It was then in the third year of the reign of King Jehoiakim of Judah (who was installed by Pharaoh Necho in 609 BC) that then, Viceroy Nebuchadnezzar, laid siege to Jerusalem (607 BC) when the 70-year Captivity of Judah commenced and when Daniel was taken to Babylon by King Nebuchadnezzar; however, it was, as well, in the fourth year of King Jehoiakim (small portion of 609 BC, then 608 BC, 607 BC, 606 BC, and then in 605 BC) that the Battle of Carchemish took place between the King of Egypt, Pharaoh Necho, and King Nebuchadnezzar (Viceroy Nebuchadnezzar II became King of Babylon in that year, 605 BC, when his father, King of Babylon, Nabopolassar died. All of this is substantiated by history (See Wikipedia).
We must keep in mind that Nebuchadnezzar, although Viceroy over these territories of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, is called King Nebuchadnezzar in that his interaction with Judah is extensive (607-560 BC); consequently, he is simply referred to as King of Babylon; however, he did not officially ascend to the throne until the death of his father, Nabopolassar (626-605 BC, Nabopolassar, King of Babylon). It is more akin to calling a former President, President Reagan, both before he was President and afterwards. We might say, "It was President Reagan, then Governor of California, who spoke at the California State Capitol." The Battle of Carchemish between Pharaoh Necho and King Nebuchadnezzar II is recorded in Jeremiah 46:2-26. The Carchemish battle took place in 605 BC, some two years after the first siege of Jerusalem by then, Viceroy, King Nebuchadnezzar II.
An outstanding accounting is given as a refutation to the Skeptic's Annotated Bible regarding the 607 BC date for the initial siege of Judea and subsequent commencement of the Babylonian captivity--a date (607 BC) confirmed by none other than Bishop James Ussher:
To solve a case like this, it helps if we compare apples with apples. First of all the exact date is 607 BC according to Bishop Ussher, not 606 BC [i.e., the initial Siege of Jerusalem being 607 BC]. (Source here)
All this to say that the 607-586 BC dates accounting for 21 years are in perfect balance with the Kings of Judah and those of Israel--as well as those of Neo-Babylonia and, eventually, the dates of the Persian Kings; therefore, there is a 21-year time frame "going into captivity" (Judah) and a 21-year time frame "coming out of captivity" (if you would) or 607-586 BC vs. 537-515 BC discounting 537 BC in that the Jews did not commence the foundation of the Second Temple until 536 BC; therefore, 536-515 BC = 21 years. The Second Temple "was finished on the third day of the month of Adar, which was the sixth year of the reign of King Darius" (Ezra 6:15--521-485 BC); therefore, the sixth year of his reign would have been in the year 515 BC.
WHY THESE THREE SPECIFIC DATES - THREE SIEGES AGAINST JERUSALEM?
Therefore, as well, the major dates of this 21-year period "going into captivity" (the THREE major sieges of Jerusalem/Judah) were 607 BC (2 Kings 24:1), 597 BC (2 Kings 24:8-20), and eventually, 586 BC, the so-called "Fall of Jerusalem/Judah" on the 9th of Av or Tisha B'Av (2 Kings 25:1-21)--three peculiar sieges of Jerusalem and each one increasing in intensity/captivity. A ten-year gap between siege one (607 BC) and siege two (597 BC) and an eleven-year gap between siege two (597 BC) and siege three (586 BC)--aka, the Fall of Jerusalem..
Yes, we can see that 21 years X 360 = 7,560 on both counts ("756") and that 21 years + 21 years = 42 years X 360 =15,120 or "1512" which is naught but 756 X 2 = 1512. In other words, what is in view here is a composite of "going and coming" (if you would) wherein upon the Earth (756--the base edge of the Great Pyramid of Giza--GPG) is under the measurement of the Almighty's Sacred Dimension (the Hebrew Cubit of 2.1 feet or 25.20 inches or "21") with the GPG bearing witness to that "earthly reflection" of the Holy City (Isaiah 19:19)--that "Altar unto the LORD, in the midst of Egypt; a pillar unto the LORD, at its Giza or border." However, the "756" is undergoing both judgment and testing--judgment going into captivity and testing coming out of captivity--for the rebuilding of the Second Temple was certainly a time of great testing. For if we consider 42 years X 360 = "1512" which "1512" is the fracture or two parts of four parts of the base edge of the GPG (2 X 756 ft. = 1512 ft. And, more so, "1512" in Greek Gematria connotes APOCALYPSIS or APOCALYPSE which clearly connotes judgment and testing--that is precisely what is going on here in these two sets of "21."
Insofar as the 10 years and the 11 years, it can be viewed as God's disciplining His "earthly" people in that 10 X 360 = 3600 or "360 degrees of a circle"--God--without beginning or ending" and 11 X 360 = 3,960 which is the radius of the earth at 3,960 miles. Speculative? Well, you be the judge of that--it is what it is.
It is exceedingly difficult to reconcile the historical accounting with that of the Bible's accounting on these chronologies from the commencement of the reign of King Jehoiakim of Judah--beginning in 609 BC and the final Siege of Jerusalem under King Nebuchadnezzar II in 586 BC (21 years); therefore, allow me to make a chart to assist this somewhat difficult task:
JEREMIAH'S SUMMARY IN JEREMIAH CHAPTER 52
The peculiar summary regarding those taken captive from Judah given in Jeremiah 52:28 appears very odd:
These are the people whom Nebuchadnezzar carried away captive: in the seventh year, three thousand and twenty-three Jews; in the eighteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar he carried away captive from Jerusalem eight hundred and thirty-two persons; in the twenty-third year of Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive of the Jews seven hundred and forty-five persons. All the persons were four thousand six hundred.
The specificity of this accounting may appear on the surface to be a simple matter of addition and the accuracy of the record keeping done by Jeremiah--but is there more here than meets the naked eye? I think so--it's simply strange that the end of the book of Jeremiah, with its profound prophetic overtones, ends on such a bland note; and then there's this bizarre story of how King Jehoiachin, King of Judah, finds favor with the Evil-Merodach king of Babylon in the first year of his reign in the thirty-seventh year of the captivity of King Jehoiachin. What is going on here?
Perhaps this: Let us take each of the three sets of numbers in both year and the number of individuals so mentioned who were led captive into Babylon under King Nebuchadnezzar II's regime . . .
Year 7 of King Nebuchadnezzar II's reign (Siege of Jerusalem in 598/597 BC or from 605-598/7 BC) = 3,023 Jews
Year 18 of King Nebuchadnezzar II's reign (Siege of Jerusalem in 586 BC) = 832 from Jerusalem
Year 23 of King Nebuchadnezzar II's reign (582 BC) =745 Jews
In all: 4,600 persons
(1) If we take each of the totals of the individuals as factors and multiply them, eliminating zero:
3 X 2 X 3 X 8 X 3 X 2 X 7 X 4 X 5 = 120,960 or "1296"
1296 X 2 = 2592 or the fractal/resemblance of the Mazzaroth at 25,920 years
(2) If we do the same for the years of 7, 18, and 23 we find:
7 X 1 X 8 X 2 X 3 = 336 - this could readily find us with Messiah's Number at "33" for man "6"
(3) Now if we take the separate products of each and use them as factors (1296 and 336) we find:
3 X 3 X 6 = 54
1 X 2 X 9 X 6 = 108 or "18"
"54" and "18" are both emblematic of the New Jerusalem - with 5040/2 = 2520 (the measurement of God" and "18" being the 18,000-mile linear perimeter of the 12 edges of the cubical New Jerusalem.
However when we take:
54 X 18 = 972 which is the fractal/resemblance of the cubed GPG which is the earthly reflection of the New Jerusalem--that Altar unto the LORD in the midst of Egypt and a Pillar unto the LORD at its border (GIZA) - Isaiah 19:19 - that is EXACTLY WHY these number sets are so incredibly meaningful! To wit: 756 (the base edge of the GPG) X 12 (cubing it) = 9072 or "972."
Finally, if we take the 54 + 18 = 72 and then take the 4,600 as 4 X 6 = 24 and then turn around and multiply:
72 (the sum of both the product of the years and the persons per year) X 24 (the total of the persons per year) it will be equal to: 1,728 or the cubed New Jerusalem's 12,000 Furlongs found in Revelation 21:16 as in: 12,000 Furlongs X 12,000 Furlongs X 12,000 Furlongs = 1,728,000,000,000 cubic furlongs - the CAPACITY of the New Jerusalem or 12 X 12 X 12 = 1,728.
The Name of God (72) X the 24 elders produce the perfection of the New Jerusalem--and you thought these miscellaneous number sets at the end of Jeremiah showed us how fastidious Jeremiah was on keeping tract as to the number of people/Jews/leaders being carted off to Babylonian captivity was what this was all about! The victory wreath worn atop the Woman's head in Revelation 12:1 (2592); along with Messiah's (33) sacrifice for man (6) is naught but Almighty God (72) taking His administrative wisdom (24) and producing the New Jerusalem (1728) - TO GOD BE THE GLORY - God has taken what was our shame, our captivity, and turned it into His GLORY!
Furthermore - what could it possibly mean: The 7th Year; the 18th Year, and the 23rd Year? Nothing is wasted in these passages - there is a Divine Purpose wrought even in the years of the King of Babylon when he took the Jews captive; to wit:
(1) 7th Year X 360 = 2520
(2) 18th Year X 360 = 6,480/2 = 3,240 or "324"
(3) 23rd Year X 360 = 8280
The total sums to: 2520 + 6480 + 8280 = 17,280 or "1728" which is 12 X 12 X 12 = 1728 which is the perfect cube of the heavenly New Jerusalem's 12,000 furlongs X 12,000 furlongs X 12,000 furlongs = 1,728,000,000,000 cubic furlongs - this is the capacity of the New Jerusalem!
Finally, in regard to King Jehoiachin (who reigned but 3 months--538-537 BC) being shown respect after being taken to Babylon (after being in captivity for 37 years); yes, he was literally accorded a place at the king's table. Is this simply a story of some kind of redemption? Or, does EVIL always tickle us with a place at the table? Let's consider: There seems to be somewhat of a "translation dispute" in considering the age of King Jehoiachin. In 2 Chronicles 36:9 it says that King Jehoiachin was eight years old when he became king; but in 2 Kings 24:8 it says he was eighteen years of age when he came to the throne for those three months.
Thus, he was either 18 or 8? Which was he? Certainly, we know that it was in the 37th year of his captivity (597-560 BC). If we do the math here we find that 18 + 37 = 55 and 8 + 37 = 45 with, of course, a difference of 10 (55 less 45 = 10). But I have a feeling that the Almighty has something else in mind--there is no "mistake" in the translations!
(1) 45 (years - 8 years of age + 37 years in captivity) X 360 degrees in a year's orbit around the sun = 16,200 deg.
(2) 55 (years - 18 years of age + 37 years in captivity) X 360 deg. in a year's orbit around the sun = 19,800
(3) The difference between 19,800 and 16,200, is, of course: 3,600 or the 360 degrees of a circle; but more so...
(4) As factors the "192" and the "162" give us: 1 X 9 X 8 X 1 X 6 X 2 = 864 which is the fractal of our Sun's Diameter of 864,000 miles or "864" -
Thus, could it be that in King Jehoiachin's peculiar tale at the terminus of the profoundly prophetic book of Jeremiah we behold the very SUN OF RIGHTEOUSNESS working through His mercy in placing King Jehoiachin at the King's Table--once utterly disgraced, but now is found at Table with the King? Think about it . . . . without these two odd accountings in 2 Kings and 2 Chronicles of 8 and 18 years of age--we would never arrive at "864."
But if that were not enough - each of the 8 years and 18 years juxtaposed to their 37-year counterparts produce this:
(1) Firstly: the 37 years X 360 degrees = 13,320 degrees = 1 X 3 X 3 X 2 = "18" - the New Jerusalem
(2) Secondly: 8 years X 360 degrees = 2,880 degrees or "288" which are the two sets of "144" in Rev. 7 and 14
(3) Thirdly: 18 years X 360 degrees = 6,480 degrees or 1/2 = 3,240 or the "Wall of the New Jerusalem" at 302.4 Hebrew Cubits (144 X 2.1 ft. = 302.4 ft.) (Rev. 21:17)
Thus, Jehoiachin's entire story and age and the year of his "redemption" are utterly indicative of God's ultimate plan and purpose of the ages to redeem man so that He might possess the New Jerusalem!
EZRA'S PECULIAR SUM OF THE RETURNED ITEMS FROM/FOR THE HOUSE OF THE LORD
It is difficult for me as a math instructor for many years to read Ezra 1:6-11 and view the sum of the articles to be what appears to be wholly inaccurate; what was the Persian treasurer, Mithredath, thinking when he "counted them out to Sheshbazzar?"
"And all those who were around them encouraged them with articles of silver and gold, with goods and livestock, and with precious things, besides all that was willingly offered. King Cyrus also brought out the articles of the house of the LORD, which Nebuchadnezzar had taken from Jerusalem and put in the temple of his gods; and Cyrus king of Persia brought them out by the hand of Mithredath the treasurer, and counted them out to Sheshbazzar the prince of Judah. This is the number of them: thirty gold platters, one thousand silver platters, twenty-nine knives, thirty gold basins, four hundred and ten silver basins of a similar kind, and one thousand other articles. All the articles of gold and silver were five thousand four hundred. All the articles of gold and silver were five thousand four hundred. All these Sheshbazzar took with the captives who were brought from Babylon to Jerusalem."
The only thing I can figure out is this: There were 2,499 items secured from the Persian treasury; and 2,901 items given to the Jews by "all those who were around them" (vs. 6). Their total is 5,400 (2,499 + 2,901 = 5,400 items/articles) - in other words, there were more items which were contributed by others (2,901), than came out of the Persian treasury (2,499); however, that said, these "number sets" are incredibly revealing as to the Divine Intent and Purpose for the ages--these items constituted the articles for the House of the Lord . . . let's see if that is the case:
30 gold platters, 1,000 silver platters, 29 knives, 30 gold basins, 410 silver basins, other articles = 2,499 from the Persian treasury - thus, using the "numbers" as factors the sum of these items, we find that they produce this product:
2 X 4 X 9 X 9 = 648/2 = 324 - which is the Wall of the New Jerusalem or 144 HSC X 2.1 ft. (HSC) = 302.4 ft. = 324; also from the heavenly reality to the earthly, in that the base perimeter of the Great Pyramid of Giza is 756 ft. X 4 = 3024 ft. or "324," as well - so that the "heavenly" and the "earthly" aspects of the Holy City, New Jerusalem, come into glorious focus in what the Gentiles contributed, the Persian treasury, which belonged to the House of the Lord in the first place.
Likewise, the total 5400 items equates to the "54" or the 5040 of the Hebrew Sacred Cubit's 5040/2 = 2520 or the 25.20 inches which is the "Divine Measure." I mean, really, how could this add to such a precise number as "54?"
ALL THOSE WHO WERE AROUND THEM
The difference between the total of 5,400 items and the 2,499 items secured from the Persian treasury is 2,901 items given by "all those who were around them." Thus, 2,499 + 2,901 items = 5,400 articles for the House of the Lord.
We know that "54" is the expression of the Measurement of the Lord in that 5040/2 = 2520 which is the Measurement of the Hebrew Sacred Cubit at 25.20 inches--so there's something marvelous, divine, about these measurements. One can nigh see what John, the Beloved, beheld and heard:
"And he who talked with me had a gold reed to measure the city . . . he measured its wall one hundred and forty-four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of an angel" (Rev. 21:15, 12).
Yes, the "golden reed" measured both the city and her wall - surely, this is the same "reed like a measuring rod" which was given to John to "Rise and measure the temple of God, the altar, and those who worship there" (Rev. 11:1). Indeed, it is the same golden measuring rod - the same "measuring line in his hand" wherein when asked, "Where are you going?" . . . the response was swift: "To measure Jerusalem, to see what is its width and what is its length" (Zechariah 2:1-2). Truly this is the same measuring divice seen by Ezekiel to accomplish the SAME measurement; to wit:
"He took me there, and behold, there was a man whose appearance was like the appearance of bronze. He had a line of flax and a measuring rod in his hand, and he stood in the gateway . . . Now there was a wall all around the outside of the temple. In the man's hand was a measuring rod six cubits long [6 palms], each being a cubit and a handbreadth [handbreadth is 4 fingers to the thumb or 3.6 inches], and he measured the width of the wall structure, one rod; and the height, one rod." (Ezekiel 40:3, 5)
This measuring was done in the 25th year of Judah's captivity (607 BC less 25 years = 582 BC). And, what is the length of this measuring instrument? It was six cubits and a handbreadth. Say what? The handbreadth we know to be that of the typical palm of the hand (3.6 inches based on the duodecimal system of measurement or on "12" not "10") - i.e., 6 palms/handbreadths (6 cubits) + 1 palm/handbreadth = 7 palms/handbreadths with each palm being 3.6 inches X 7 palms (based on a system of 12 or duodecimal, not Dewey Decimal) = 25.20 inches . . . the very Hebrew Sacred Cubit was the length of this measuring instrument found in "the man's hand." The "cubit" used in the measurement of Solomon's Temple was the Hebrew Sacred Cubit said to be 7 palms, not six or 7 X 3.6 inches = 25.20 inches. (See here for reference.)
The measurement is described as that of both a man (earthly) and that of an angel (heavenly). This 5400/2 = 2520 is exactly what was going on with the tally of the items.
The "measuring rod" was 12.6 Feet or 12.6 Ft. X 12 inches = 151.2 inches/6 [cubits] = 25.20 inches per cubit. The 500 rod measurements surrounding the SANCTUARY in Ezekiel's Vision of the Holy District (Ezekiel 45:2) would then measure:
500 X 12.6 ft. = 6,300 feet X 4 (foursquare) = 25,200 linear feet or the fractal of the Hebrew Sacred Cubit at 25.20 inches.
Please note, in Ezekiel 40:5, the length of the rod or reed is given as 6 cubits. The Hebrew Sacred Cubit is 25.20 inches or 2.1 feet; therefore, 6 X 2.1 feet = 12.6 feet. The palm of a man's hand is the miniature of these measurements, if you would, in that 3.6 inches is equal to one palm X 7 (6 palms + one handbreadth = 7 palms) = 25.20 inches per 7 palms.
Also: Not only does the Persian treasury give us "324" (the 144 Cubit Wall of the New Jerusalem and base perimeter of the GPG) from the 2,499 items as in 2 X 4 X 9 X 9 = 648/2 = 324; but each of those various items when used as factors does the same:
3 X 1 X 2 X 9 X 3 X 4 X 1 X 1 (30 gold platters, 1,000 silver platters, 29 knives, 30 gold basins, 410 silver basins, 1,000 other articles--Ezra 1:9-10) = 648/2 = 324. Truly amazing.
The items given by "all those who were around them" is the difference between 5400 (total items) and those of the Persian treasury (2,499 items) which gives us a remainder of 2,901 items or 2 X 9 X 1 = "18." Which is the now famous 12-edge cubed perimeter of the New Jerusalem at 18,000 linear miles (which, incidentally, in feet is configured at 18,000 X 5,280 ft. (one mile) = 95,040,000 feet, which is a fractal/resemblance of the distance at apogee between the Earth's furthest orbit from the Sun (95,040,000 miles).
The "648/2 = 324" derived from the 2,499 items contributed by the Persian treasury for the House of the Lord (2 X 4 X 9 X 9 = 648/2 = 324) when divided by the "18" derived from "all those who were around them" (2 X 9 X 1 = 18) is equal to 36 (i.e., 648/18 = 36) which is the Eternal God (360 degrees of a circle) without beginning or ending. The summation of this accounting recorded in Ezra 1:9-11 is simply an absolute confirmation that what the Almighty was after was the building for Himself of a House to dwell in forever--THE NEW JERUSALEM! No questions asked!
EZRA'S STRANGE TALLY OF JEWS, ANIMALS, & RESOURCES UPON RETURNING TO JERUSALEM - UNDER THE DECREE OF CYRUS THE GREAT IN 537 BC
This topic was briefly shared in Part I of this three-part series; however, since we were discussing the rather odd accounting given by Jeremiah "going into captivity" we should take a more in-depth look at the Jews under the Decree of Cyrus the Great "coming out of captivity" in 537 BC.
Previously we discovered in Ezra 2:64-65 that the total numbers of Jewish people was 42,360 and an additional number of "male and female servants" being 7,337. When we used these two number sets as factors (42,360 and 7,337) we discovered the following in the people, the animals and the resources:
4 X 2 X 3 X 6 = 144 and 7 X 3 X 3 X 7 = 441 - thus we get a "forward view" of the New Jerusalem's "144" and a reversal of the same in "441." However, we did not see "perfection of perfection" in the number of these totals; to wit:
4 X 2 X 3 X 6 X 7 X 3 X 3 X 7 = 63,504. This number set of "63,504" comprised of the multiplication of the two groups given in Ezra 2:64-65 is simply overwhelming, because we discover to our "shock and awe" the following:
63,,504/7 = 9,072 - the "9,072" is 12 X 756 (the base edge of the GPG cubed = 9,072 but multiplied by "7" the number of completion and/or perfection is equal to 63,504 or 63,504/7 = 9,072. This is "perfection of perfection"!
In Ezra 2:66-67 we have 736 horses; 245 mules; 435 camels; and 6720 donkeys - on the "surface" we can say that there are simply a whole lot more jack asses than the other animals! But there is much more here - even in the animals:
There total/sum is 8,136 individual animals or:
8 X 1 X 3 X 6 = 144 - imagine that - God in His great wisdom uses His creation of the "animal kingdom" to be subject to the dimensions of Paradise - VERY clever of the Almighty in a good way!
The resources are very simple - the sum of the resources found in Ezra 2:69 is a composition of 61,000 gold drachmas; 5,000 minas of silver; and 100 priestly garments - for a total of 66,100 items or 6 X 6 = 36 as in a 360 degree circle representative of the Eternal God without beginning or ending. Thus, the two dominant number sets derived from these configurations are obviously the "144" and the "36." When they themselves are used as factors they produce something amazing:
144 X 36 = 5,184/2 = 2,592 or the 25,920 years of the Great Precessional of the Equinoxes - the Mazzaroth - the Wreath atop the Woman's Head in Revelation 12:1 which is 12 X 2,160 (2,160 = diameter of Earth's Moon at 2,160 miles) = 25,920 years or 2592 the same fractal as 144 X 36 = 5,184/2 = 2592.
THE THREE-FOLD SUMMARY:
Thus, all who returned, be they people, animals or things - ALL bespeak of the New Jerusalem, the Holy City, descending as a Bride, the Woman, who has gained the VICTORY over the Principalities and Powers in the heavenly places and will display that victory upon the Earth (756 X 12 = 9,072) in absolute perfection or 9,072 X 7 = 63,504, which in turn gives us 6 X 3 X 5 X 4 = 360 - the Eternal God - the Alpha and Omega, the Beginning and the Ending, the First and the Last! (Rev. 22:13)
THE RETURN OF THE JEWS UNDER EZRA AT THE DECREE OF ARTAXERXES LOGIMANUS IN 458/457 BC
It appears that Ezra's accounting of items, people and ultimately animals offered in Jerusalem takes place upon the arrival of another group (in which he is directly involved) returning to Jerusalem in 457 BC (not his "first group accounting" which took place in 537/536 BC). The first group he describes after the Decree of Cyrus the Great is found in Ezra Chapter 1 under the Decree of Cyrus in 537 BC--having arrived in Jerusalem in 536 BC to lay the foundation of the Second Temple.
Now, the second group displays an "Epical Jubilee Cycle" wherein a 490-year time frame is seen from 458/457 BC unto 33 AD = 490 years, unto the crucifixion of Christ and the end of the 62nd Week of Daniel's 70-Week prophecy [Daniel 9:24-27]). The chart below displays how that there are 12 "Epical Jubilee Cycles" which total 5,880 years (12 X 490 years = 5,880 years), leaving 120 years distributed as 80 years, 7 years, and 33 years.
These years of 80 years are related to the birth of Moses in 1525 BC (with the first 2,450 years or 5 Epical Jubilee Cycles from the Creation of Adam to the very birth of Moses in 1525 BC). This 2,450 years is related to Genesis 6:3 and the "120 years" allotted to man and read, in the original Hebrew as a "word problem" in which an "original number set" is doubled, with that "original number set" being multiplied by 100.
We discovered the "doubled number" was the very Jubilee Short-Count Cycle of 49 years but that it had been doubled from its original number set of 24.50 which is one-half of 49 ("49" having been doubled from its "original number set" of 24.50 or 24.50 X 2 = 49); therefore, the original number set is then multiplied by 100 or 100 X 24.50 = 2,450 years. The "120 years" then has a manifold meaning; however, that said, the "Long Count Jubilee Cycle" of 50 years (not 49 years--Leviticus 25:8-17) is simply: 120 X 50 years = 6,000 years - TIME'S UP! Fascinating, isn't it, how Moses literally attached his very birth to the creation of Adam - a rather ostentatious accounting on his part and how that his birth and EXODUS
This "second group" decree was made by King Artaxerxes Longimanus in the 7th Year of his reign (Ezra 7:7-8) but this group of Jews who departed from Babylon did not do so until the 8th year of King Artaxerxes Longimanus' reign (458/457 BC), and arrived in Jerusalem in the fifth month of the eighth year of his reign. It is this particular return whereof the scrupulous accounting of Ezra persists; to wit:
The Heads of the Father's Houses (Ezra 8:1-14)
We find that there were 12 separate families and 42 individuals mentioned in the genealogies (including Ezra) or 12 X 42 = 504 or the 5040/2 = 2520 - the Divine Measurement of the Hebrew Sacred Cubit's 25.20 inches.
There were also 1,558 individuals within these 12 families (all males) or 1 X 5 X 5 X 8 = 200; therefore 504 X 200 = 100,800 or the "18" of the New Jerusalem.
54 X 18 = 972 which is the earthly "Altar unto the Lord, in the land of Egypt, a pillar unto the Lord at its Giza (border)" (Isaiah 19:19) or 756 ft. (base edge of GPG) X 12 [cubed] = 9,072 ft. = "972" or 756 ft. X 12 inches (per foot) = 9,072 inches per base edge X 12 (cubed) = 108,864 inches or the "18" of the New Jerusalem and the "864" of the Sun's Diameter at 864,000 miles - this MAY be a far more significant number set (108,864) than any one has bargained for - I wrote an extensive article on this number set as the SUM OF THE WORLD SOUL which can be found at World Mysteries.
The Arrival and Depature of Ezra from Babylon to Jerusalem - 458-457 BC (Ezra 7:6-9)
(1) Ezra departed from Babylon (with this second group) to Jerusalem on the first day of the first month, which was in the seventh year of King Artaxerxes Longimanus (458 BC) (Ezra 7:9) or on Nisan 1, 458 BC.
(2) Ezra arrived in Jerusalem from Babylon on the first day of the fifth month, which was in the seventh year of the king (458 BC) (Ezra 7:8-9) or on Av 1, 458 BC.
(3) They arrived at the River Ahava, near Babylon, and camped there three days (Ezra 8:15). It was here that Ezra declared a fast (Ezra 8:21).
(4) They departed from the River Ahava on the twelfth day of the first month (i.e., Nisan 12, 458 BC).
(5) They came to Jerusalem, again, on the first day of the fifth month (Av 1, 458 BC) and stayed in Jerusalem for three days (Ezra 8:32)...thus, some 120 days had transpired between the time he left Babylon to the time they arrived in Jerusalem.
(6) On the fourth day (apparently, still in Jerusalem on Av 4) the silver, gold and articles were weighed in the house of the Lord (Ezra 8:33)
It seems pretty obvious that this return which took 120 days, with the 12-day layover at the River Ahava, tells us that 12 X 120 = 1,440 or "144" - Could it be that the New Jerusalem is in view? However, it is after the THREE days that a fast is announced; therefore 3 X 144 = 432 which is the Sun's radius - could this be what is going on here? It certainly appears so. There's likewise a peculiar part of this story in which another 3 days are mentioned where they "stay in Jersusalem" after they arrive and on the fourth day they weigh the silver, gold, and other articles for the House of the Lord. The stopover at the River Ahava produced the "432" (i.e., 3 X 120 days = 432 days) but now what shall these additional 4 days produce after their arrival in Jerusalem? Are these days "just out there" - sort of "miscellaneous information?" I don't think so:
4 X 432 = 1728 which is 12 X 12 X 12 =1728 - the perfect cube or 12,000 furlongs X 12,000 furlongs X 12,000 furlongs of the New Jerusalem (Revelation 21:16) will produce 1,728,000,000,000 cubic (as in trillion) or "1728."
What about the Levites and the Temple Servants from Casiphia?
Some 120 days transpired between Ezra's departure from Babylon to his arrival in Jerusalem. The stopover at the River Ahava lasted for 12 days wherein three days were listed as camping and then a fast was proclaimed. It was at the River Ahava that Ezra realized that those returning with him (the heads of the fathers; see above), did not include any of the sons of Levi (Levites--needed for handling the "sacred objects") nor any of the Nethinim, Temple servants who assist the Levites; therefore, Ezra sent a contingent to a place called Casiphia where Levites could be found. Consequently, they came up with 38 Levites (Ezra 8:18-19) and some 220 Nethinim. They apparently gathered them together at the camp site by the River Ahava, broke the fast, and spent the remaining 108 days ("18" of the New Jerusalem) traveling to Jerusalem.
So - what of the 220 and the 38?
22 (220 Nethinim) X 38 (Levites) = 836 = 8 X 3 X 6 = 144 - Ah, yes, made ready for the New Jerusalem's "144"!
A Closer Look at the Animal Offerings When They Arrived in Jerusalem
Ezra 8:35 records a most amazing account of an offering given by "the children of those who had been carried away captive, who had come from the captivity" - it is now that they "offered burnt offerings to the God of Israel: twelve bulls for all Israel, ninety-six rams, seventy-seven lambs, and twelve male goats as a "sin offering." All this was a "burnt offering to the LORD."
What is all this about? Looking at the number sets: 12 bulls, 96 rams, 77 lambs, 12 male goats - all as a "sin offering" and all utterly consumed as a "burnt offering" before the Lord.
If we take each of the digits as factors we discover something amazing:
1 X 2 X 9 X 6 X 7 X 7 X 1 X 2 = 10584 or 1584 when divided by 2 = 792 or the very edge of the New Jerusalem in Revelation 21:16: 12,000 furlongs X 660 ft. (one furlong) = 7,920,000 feet = "792" -
And, just who offered these sacrifices? Of course, the Levites and their assistants (the Nethinim) - the "144"!
I find it somewhat gratifying to discover that "144" and "792" when broken down into factors produce the following:
1 X 4 X 4 X 7 X 9 X 2 = 2,016 X 4 = 8,064 or the "864" of the Sun of Righteousness (Sun's diameter = 864,000 miles)
Remember, the Moon's diameter is 2,160 miles and when a square is placed around the Moon, we multiply it by its diameter X 4 = 8,640 miles and produce the fractal/resemblance diameter of the Sun at 864,000 miles. Again, all this "numeric integration" is simply overwhelming and confirms the Divine Intent in virtually all the dates and even accounting of those who returned to Jerusalem from Babylonian Captivity.
Let the "heavens declare His glory" by this rather esoteric diagram I've arranged for the occasion producing a most amazing set of astronomical configurations. Please notice that the Moon's interior can likewise be "squared" with the discovery it bears the 1,500-mile edge of the New Jerusalem in that 12,000 furlongs X 660 feet (one furlong) = 7,920,000 linear feet or 7,920,000/5,280 ft. (one mile) = 1,500 miles. The foursquare base of the New Jerusalem is 7,920,000 feet X 4 = 31,680,000 linear feet or the "3168" with 3 X 1 X 6 X 8 = 144, which is the "signature" of the New Jerusalem. The "Triangle" is superimposed upon the Earth with its base edge that of the New Jerusalem at 7,920 miles and its pyramidion extending at the same angle as the Great Pyramid of Giza at 51.51 degrees into the Moon's center with the Moon's radius reaching back to the Earth's square at 1,080 miles (its radius); the square of the Moon being 8,640 miles reflective of the Sun's diameter at 864,000 miles. The 1,500 miles X 1,500 miles interior of the Moon's "square within the circle of the Moon" is equal to 1,500 miles X 4 square = 6,000 miles X 5,280 ft. 31,680,000 ft. Now, THE MOON BENEATH HER FEET makes far more sense, doesn't it?
The Accounting of Nehemiah
Nehemiah, who returned to Jerusalem in the 20th Year of King Artaxerxes Longimanus (Nehemiah 1:1; 2:1), was commited to the rebuilding of the Wall and the Gates of Jerusalem - taking some 12 years and the peculiar accounting of some 52 days to complete the Wall (Nehemiah 5:14; 6:15) in the 32nd year of the reign of King Artaxerxes Longimanus or in 433 BC.
The 42 Groups Who Built the Wall and the 10 Gates
Nehemiah begins his accounting in earnest in Nehemiah 3:1-32--detailing some 42 groups of workers who rebuilt the Wall and the 10 Gates (Sheep, Fish, Old, Valley, Refuse, Fountain, Water, Horse, East, and Recuiting Gates). Naturally, the City of Jerusalem is surrounded by this Wall - regardless of its design, it ultimately encomasses a starting point which comes back to its beginning--Nehemiah begins at the Sheep Gate (Nehemiah 3:1) and ends at the Sheep Gate (Nehemiah 3:32)--yes, we're talking 360 degrees.
Thus, 42 groups X 360 degrees = 15,120 or "1512" when divided by 2 = 756 which, again, is the base edge of the GPG - so, this Wall is fundamentally a reflection of the earthly expression of the New Jerusalem.
The Registry of the First Return - Found by Nehemiah and the "Missing 45" . . .
Nehemiah became concerned that the immediate City of Jerusalem was underpopulated .
"Now the city was large and spacious, but the people in it were few, and the houses were not rebuilt . . . Then my God put it into my he4art to gather the nobles, the rulers, and the peoople, that they might be registered by genealogy. And I found a register of the genealogy of those who had come up in the first return, and found written in it:" (Nehemiah 7:4-5).
What follows in Nehemiah 7:6-73 is an elaborate accounting which basically is a detailed rehash of the number of people, animals and items brought from Babylon during the first return of the Jews under Zerubbabel in 536 BC (Ezra recounts the number who returned with Zeruubbabel in Ezra 2:1-70). It is that registry that Nehemiah discovered in the 20th year of the reign of King Artaxerxes Logimanus (445 BC); therefore, from 536 BC to 445 BC some 91 years had transpired or 91 years X 360 = 32,760; thus: 3 X 2 X 7 X 6 = 252 - the perfect measurement of the Lord!
The tally of Ezra was as follows - compared with the tally that was discovered by Nehemiah some 91 years later nderneath the tally of Ezra:
(1) People - 42,360 (Ezra 2:64)
(2) Male and female servants - 7,337 (Ezra 2:65)
(3) 200 men and women singers (Ezra 2:65)
(1) People - 42,360 (Nehemiah 7:66)
(2) Male and female servants - 7,737 (Nehemiah 7:67)
(3) 245 men and women singers (Nehemiah 7:67)
As can be clearly seen, someone must have "wrongly" calculated the number of men and women singers! Turns out there are some 45 more in the tally of Nehemiah than in the tally of Ezra. Is this a mistake? Hardly. Either more singers joined the choir or the Almighty slipped in his "45" which He is ought to do in that "200" turned into "245" upon their arrival in Jerusalem, for the Sun of Righteousness was delighted in their singing and added His stamp of approval over their worship and joy!
This amazement in calculation was all the more fascinating in that the other numbers matched; to wit:
(1) 736 Horses
(2) 245 Mules
(3) 435 Camels
(4) 6,720 Donkeys
We've discussed these numeric number sets in the first accounting of Ezra earlier in this article. However, that said, the resources were not recounted in the registry of Ezra but Nehemiah tallied the immediate resources brought by the returnees in Nehemiah 7:70-72:
(1) 1,000 Gold Dracmas - given by the Governor (Nehemiah)
(2) 50 basins - given by the Governor
(3) 530 Priestly Garments - given by the Governor
(4) 20,000 Gold Drachmas - given by the heads of the fathers' houses
(5) 2,200 silver minas - given by the heads of the fathers' houses
(6) 20,000 Gold Drachmas - given by the rest of the people
(7) 2,000 silver minas - given by the rest of the people
(8) 67 priestly garments - given by the rest of the people
(1) 41,000 Gold Drachmas
(2) 50 Basin
(3) 4,200 Silver Minas
(4) 597 Priestly Garments
This somewhat amazing assortment of items so meticulously calculated by Nehemiah is incredible, for the number sets as factors produce the very perimeter of Solomon's Temple:
4 X 1 X 5 X 4 X 2 X 5 X 9 X 7 = 50,400 or "5040" - there's that number set again wherein 5040/2 = 2520 or "252" of the Hebrew Sacred Cubit.
Throughout the remainder of Nehemiah (Chapters 8-14) there are additional accountings, which, unfortunately, time and space does not permit us to recount--no doubt, however, there are significant numerations that would shed more light upon the Eternal Plan and Purpose of the Almighty in keeping, through Nehemiah, such meticulous records.
Completion of the Second Temple and The Completion of the Wall
"The temple was finished on the third day of the month of Adar [twelfth month], which was the sixth year of the reign of King Darius" (Ezra 6:15 - Reigned from 521-485 BC; married to Queen Esther) . . . "So the wall was finished on the twenty-fifth day of Elul, in fifty-two days" (Nehemiah 6:15) . . . "Moreover, from the time that I was appointed to be their governor (i.e., Nehemiah) in the land of Judah, from the twentieth year until the thirty-second year of King Artaxerxes, twelve years, neither I nor my brothers ate the governor's provisions" (Nehemiah 5:14 and also Nehemiah 13:6); thus, the wall was finished in the 32nd year of King Artaxerxes Longimanus (reigned from 465-425 BC; some 40 years), on the twenty-fifth day of Elul (sixth month), which date alludes to another date some 52 days previous--that date, of necessity, had to have been on 3 Av (the fifth month--Nehemiah 6:15).
Nehemiah became Governor of Judah, so it appears, shortly after his meeting with King Artaxerxes Longimanus in the month of Nisan, the twentieth year of the King's reign (445 BC). The letters secured by Nehemiah from King Artaxerxes Longimanus obviously contained written notice of his governorship of Judah (Nehemiah 2:9-10). We can ascertain from all this information that Nehemiah's Governorship over Judah and his claim that he and his assistants, his brothers, did not partake of the "governor's provisions" from the twentieth year until the thirty-second year of King Artaxerxes (some twelve years).
What we're getting at here is this: Could it have been that it was on 3 Av that Nehemiah entered Jerusalem some twelve years previous; and that he presented his letters to the governors in the region beyond the River at that time? Therefore, it now being some twelve years later, and in the 32nd year of King Artaxerxes Longimanus' reign, the wall was finished--meaning it was initially in the month of Chislev (the eighth month but the second month at the commencement of the civil year of the Jews--Nisan 1 commences the religious calendar of the Hebrews and Tishrei 1 commences the civil calendar of the Hebrews) that Nehemiah 1:1 opens in the month of Chislev/Heshvan but in Nehemiah 2:1 it specifically states "it came to pass in the month of Nisan - in the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes." Nehemiah approaches King Artaxerxes Longimanus in his twentieth year beginning that twentieth year in the month of Tishrei in the Hebrew "civil" calendar and that by sometime in the month of Nisan it would have been within the civil year of the Jews, the twentieth year of King Artaxerxes Longimanus' reign.
Thus, it still was in the twentieth year (the civil year--1 Tishrei, if you would, to 30 Elul) of the Hebrews that Nehemiah would have arrived in Jerusalem. Consequently, when it states that it was in the 32nd year of the reign of King Artaxerxes that the wall was completed on the 25th day of the month of Elul (the sixth month) that would still be within the 32nd year of the reign of King Artaxerxes Longimanus (the Hebrew Civil Year extending from Tishrei 1 through to 30 Elul).
We can definitely state that the time elapsing within a civil year between the completion of the Second Temple on 3 Adar (the sixth year of Darius II, 515 BC, Ezra 6:22) and the completion of the wall on the 25th day of Elul (the thirty-second year of the reign of King Artaxerxes Longimanus, i.e., in 433 BC) is some 192 days (27 days in Adar + 150 days between Nisan 1 and Av 30 + 25 days of the month of Elul = 192 days; and between 515 BC (sixth year of King Darius II) and 433 BC (32nd year of King Artaxerxes Longimanus) there are 82 years. Likewise, from the terminus of the 7 weeks of Daniel's 70-Week prophecy--i.e., the 49 years ending in 488 BC (537-488 BC = 49 years) unto the completion of the wall in 433 BC, there are some 55 years.
Analysis of all of the above proves the supreme wisdom of the Almighty in giving us this most interesting assortment of dates. First of all the dates giving us 82 years between the completion of the Second Temple in 515 BC unto the completion of the wall in 433 BC and the 55 years given to us from the terminus of the first 7 weeks of the 70-week prophecy of Daniel in 488 BC (537-488 BC = 49 years = 7 weeks or 7 X 7 = 49 years) and the completion of the wall in 433 BC, produces an almost unbelievable validation of the triumph of God's people over all the frustration of their enemies; to wit:
82 years = 82 X 360 = 29,520 days
55 years = 55 X 360 = 19,800 days
Using both digits within the individual sums we produce:
2 X 9 X 5 X 2 X 1 X 9 X 8 = 12,960 X 2 = 25,920 which is 12 X 2,160 = 25,920 which is the Wreath of the Great Precessional of the Equinoxes atop the Woman's head in Revelation 12:1 - the insignia of her Victory!
This calculation can be, as well, achieved using each of the 82 years and the 55 years by themselves in days:
2 X 9 X 5 X 2 = 180 (which "18" bespeaks of the New Jerusalem 18,000-mile 12-edged perimeter)
1 X 9 X 8 = 72 = the Name of God at "72"
180 X 72 = 12,960 X 2 = 25,920
It appears under the reign of King Artaxerxes Longimanus (465-425 BC), at a minimum, three major events occurred which impacted on the return of the Jews to Jerusalem:
(1) The decree made in the 7th year and fifth month of King Artaxerxes Longimanus' reign in Ezra 7:7-8 when Ezra brought a contingent of Jews to return from Babylon to Jerusalem primarily with the additional items to enhance the Second Temple - that was in the year 458 BC.
(2) The Decree given to Nehemiah in the 20th year of the reign of King Artaxerxes Longimanus in Nehemiah 1:1-11 and Nehemiah 2:1 to rebuild the wall in Jerusalem - that was in the year 445 BC.
(3) Announcement that the wall had been completed in the sixth month in the 32nd year of the reign of King Artaxerxes Longimanus in Nehemiah 5:14 and Nehemiah 6:15 - that was in the year 433 BC.
Thus, there are three major events in the reign of King Artaxerxes Longimanus wherein the initial 7 years of his reign, like bookends, in 465-458 BC is matched at the end of his reign by an additional 7 years (432-425 BC). The years separating these three major events then are separated from the first 7 years and the last 7 years of the reign of King Artaxerxes Longimanus.
(1) 465-458 BC = 7 years (given to us as in the 7th year - Decree given to Ezra by Longimanus (Ezra 7:7-8) - to embellish the Second Temple
(2) 458-445 BC = 14 years (given to us as the 20th year - (Nehemiah 1:1; 2:1) - Decree given to Nehemiah by Artaxerxes Longimanus to finish the wall.
(3) 445-433 BC = 12 years (given to us as 12 years - the 32nd year - (Nehemiah 5:14) - Wall Finished
(4) 432-425 BC = 7 years - from the 32nd year in 433 BC unto the 40th year in 425 BC (Nehemiah 5:14; 13:6) - unto the death of Artaxerxes Longimanus - TOTAL YEARS: 40 Year Reign (465-425 BC).
Summary of the Disparate years of King Artaxerxes Longimanus reign as King of Persia . . .
7 years X 360 = 2,520 degrees/days = 252 (Hebrew Sacred Cubit fractal @ 25.20 inches))
14 years X 360 = 5,040 degrees/days 5040 (Perimeter in Feet of Solomon's Temple) 5040 major number set
12 years X 360 = 4,320 degrees/days = "432" fractal/resemblance of the Sun's 432,000-mile Radius
7 years X 360 = 2,520 degree/days = 252 (Hebrew Sacred Cubit fractal @ 25.20 inches)
40 years X 360 = 14,400 degrees/days = "144" of the New Jerusalem
Also: Within these number sets we have two sets of 5040: 2,520 X 2 = 5040 + the original 5040 = 10,080 or the "18 of the New Jerusalem herself. Again, if we have "18" (eliminating the two 2520s and the one 5040) this leaves us with the 4,320 which when added to the 10,080 + 4,320 = 14,400 or the "144" of the New Jerusalem.
It would certainly appear that the entire reign of King Artaxerxes Longimanus was orchestrated by Divine Providence--drawing total attention to the Divine Measurement of the Hebrew Sacred Cubit of 25.20 inches at the commencement and the ending of the king's reign (each 7 years) as well as the 5040/2 = 2520 (in the 20th year of his reign or 14 years from the seventh year of his reign) and then the 12 years between the 20th and 32nd year of his reign being the Sun's Radius in days (432,000 miles or 4,320 degrees over a 12-year time span between the Decree to rebuild the wall and her gates/walls completed (445-433 BC).
The late David Flynn has done some very fascinating work on the 5040 perimeter of Solomon's Temple complex wherein he contends that the radii of the Earth (7290/2 = 3,960-mile radius of the Earth) and that of her Moon (2,160/2 = 1,080-mile radius of the Moon) gives the linear perimeter of Solomon's Temple or 3,960 (Earth's Radius) + 1,080 (Moon's Radius) = 5,040. (See here.)
THE 22 YEARS AND THE 27 YEARS OF THE FIRST 49 YEARS--THE 7 WEEKS OF DANIEL & THE 49-YEARS GOING INTO CAPTIVITY . . .
Before we discuss the "49 years" or the 7 Weeks of the 70-Week prophecy of Daniel coming "out of captivity," we may be able to draw an otherwise oblique comparison to another 49 years going "into captivity"; for it was between 607 BC and 560/559 BC (607 BC and 560/559 BC) wherein Judah commenced and officially ended their captivities--going into Babylon--and the peculiar restitution of King Jehoiachin in the 37th year of his captivity (Jeremiah 52:31-34; 2 Kings 25:27-30 or between 597 BC less 37 years = 560/559 BC--it was on the 12th month, on the 25th day of the month in the 37th year--at the very end of that year; whereas it was cir. March 16, 597 BC he was taken prisoner into Babylon--so 9 months of 597 BC and 12 months of 560/559 BC - 37 years + portions of 597 BC to 607 BC = 11 years; thus, from 607 BC into 559 BC = 49 years.
Likewise, the peculiar account of the restitution of King Jehoiachin in 559 BC provides another "22 years" in that 559 BC less 22 years brings us to 537 BC unto the Decree of Cyrus the Great to rebuild the Second Temple in Jerusalem.
Therefore, "going into Babylonian Captivity" we find these 49 years (607-560/559 BC) and the initial 22 years in which the Second Temple was completed (537-515 BC) can be compared to the 22 years from the time of King Jehoiachin's restitution in 559 BC unto the Decree of Cyrus the Great to rebuild the Second Temple in 537 BC (559-537 BC = 22 years). Therefore, we see two sets of 49 years and two sets of 22 years.
Could there be a vague allusion to the 70th Week of Daniel in these two sets of 49 and 22? I think so; and certainly in reference to the New Jerusalem. How's that? Well, we must keep in mind that the Passion Week of Christ (Nisan 10-17) is comprised, as is a week, some 168 hours divided into 2 parts = 84 hours = 3 1/2 days and another 84 hours = the other half of the week or another 3 1/2 days - together (3 1/2 + 3 1/2) are equal to 7 days of a week and, as well, 168 hours in a week (84 hours + 84 hours = 168 hours). We've discussed how that the Passion Week of Christ "mirrors" the 70th Week of Daniel in "days" juxtaposed to the "years" of the 70th Week of Daniel being 3 1/2 years (1,260 days or 42 months or time, times and half a time) + the other half of the Week being the same (1,260 days or 42 months or time, times and half a time) wherein together the 1,260 days + 1,260 days is equal to the fractal/resemblance of the Hebrew Sacred Cubit's 25.20 inches or 2,520 days.
First of all, let us take the two 22-year time frames (559-537 BC and 537-515 BC) separately and see what it produces:
22 years X 360 degrees in the Earth's orbit around the Sun per year = 22 X 360 = 7,920 or the "792" base edge measurement of the heavenly New Jerusalem at 12,000 furlongs X 660 ft. (1 furlong) = 7,920,000 feet = 7,920 (Rev. 21:16).
Thus, we see the "heavenly New Jerusalem" "going into Captivity" (559-537 BC) and we see the "heavenly New Jerusalem" "coming out of Captivity (537-515 BC) - both in the restitution of King Jehoiachin and in the completion of the Second Temple itself as a result of the Decree of King Cyrus the Great.
Now, let's take a closer look at these two sets of 49 years--the 7 weeks of 7s (heptads) or 7 X 7 years = 49 years. First of all - we are talking about the obvious 49 years between 537-488 BC from the Decree of Cyrus the Great in 537 BC unto the terminus of the 49 years/7 weeks of the 70-week prophecy of Daniel in 488 BC (coming "out of captivity"). Also, we are talking about the 49 years which commenced "going into the Babylonian Captivity" in 607 BC unto 560/559 BC (inclusive) of some 49 years.
Each of the 49 years produces in days/degrees: 49 X 360 = 1,764 days/degrees - whose "factors" in turn produce:
1764 = 1 X 7 X 6 X 4 = 168 which is a perfect fractal/resemblance of the 168 hours of any given week (24 hours X 7 days = 168 hours of a week).
Therefore, we can see the "Week" going into captivity in these 49 years and we can see the "Week" coming out of captivity. This 168-hour Week is very special to the 70th Week of Daniel--"seeing it" within the "49 years" is somewhat amazing because it bespeaks of the completion of the 7 Weeks (49 years) as the Work of the Holy Spirit as seen in Zechariah: "Not by might, nor by power, but by My Spirit, says the Lord of Hosts" (Zech. 4:6)--that's what it took to build the Second Temple - the 7 Menorah with 7 lamps per Menorah or 7 X 7 = 49.
Embedded within this "49 years" (one week of 7s or 7 X 7 = 49) is the very Passion Week of Messiah; the 168 hours of BOTH the Passion Week and Daniel's final 70th Week (49 years X 360 degrees = 17,640 days or 1 X 7 X 6 X 4 = 168 or one week = 7 years = 3 1/2 days of the "Week" [84 hours] + 3 1/2 days of the "Week" [another 84 hours] as seen in Revelation 11:9, 11 wherein the 3 1/2 days alludes to one-half of the 7-year week or 3 1/2 years.
I know, not easy to follow. Keeping in mind there were 49 years between 607-560/559 BC in reference to King Jehoachin's captivity in Babylon and subsequent restitution; and 49 years as set forth in the prophecy of the 70-weeks in the first set of 7 weeks of Daniel's prophecy (537-488 BC).
Furthermore, the very 22 years it took to rebuild the Temple, the Second Temple in Jerusalem (537-515 BC--the sixth year of the reign of King Darius--aka Darius II/Artaxerxes the Great/Ahasuerus, who reigned from 521-485 BC; the year 515 BC being the sixth year of his reign--Ezra 6:15) and the 22 years from 559 BC (King Jehoiachin's restitution) unto 537 BC (the Decree to rebuild the Second Temple by King Cyrus the Great) - BOTH declare the NEW JERUSALEM'S "792" (22 years X 360 = 7,920 or "792) - with, as well, the very 21 years encapsulated with the 22 years (536-515 BC)--the actual building of the Second Temple sharing with us the "earthly aspect" of the Second Temple in that 21 years X 360 = 7,560 or the "756" of that "Altar unto the Lord in the land of Egypt, a Pillar unto the Lord, at its GIZA (border)" (Isaiah 19:19).
Brethren, it can't get any better than this - the New Jerusalem, the Passion Week of Christ, the Earthly and Heavenly perspectives of the Holy City; and the very 70th Week of Daniel - all viewed within the prism of these two sets of 49 years and 22 years - simply astonishing! No, I'm not bothered by the "49" and the "22" seen in King Jehoiachin's "captivity analysis" extending over 70 years of captivity in that there is sufficient "portions" of years which would give us both "49" and "22" which "appear" to equal to 71 but, in point of fact give us a "twofer" in that they really give us BOTH "49" and "22" while giving us 70-years of Captivity (607-537 BC = 70 years of captivity). Sorry, can't beat the Word of God!
Again, the completion of the 7 Weeks or 49 years was in the year 488 BC (during the reign of King Darius II/Artaxerxes the Great/Ahasuerus, who was married to Queen Esther/Hadassah). Thus, there was an additional 27 years from 515-488 BC (22 + 27 = 49 years or 7 weeks). Can we possibly "see" the first half and the second half of Daniel's SEVENTIETH WEEK embedded in these two sets of years: 22 years and 27 years? I believe we can:
(1) 22 years X 360 = 7920 (the very "792" of the heavenly New Jerusalem) -This we've already seen.
(2) 27 Years X 360 = 9720 or "972) wherein 756 X 12 = 9,072 (the cubing of the Great Pyramid of Giza) - thus, we see the "756" or the "Earthly Expression" of the New Jerusalem in these 27 years. This we have NOT seen.
Furthermore, let us examine these 22 years and 27 years and their "7920" and "9720" factors:
(1) 7 X 9 X 2 = 126
(2) 9 X 7 X 2 = 126
There are in the first half of Daniel's 70th Week 1,260 days and in the latter half of the Week there are 1,260 days. Yes, 3 1/2 years + 3 1/2 years = 7 years or 3 1/2 days + 3 1/2 days = 7 days = 1 Week or the 70th Week of Daniel. This is also expressed in the book of Revelation as 42 months (Rev. 11:2; 13:5); 1,260 days (Rev. 11:3; 12:6); "time, times and half a time" (Rev. 12:14 - as well as in Daniel 7:25; 12:7); 3 1/2 days (Rev. 11:9, 11). Therefore, viewing the "126" within the confines of these 22 years and 27 years is most remarkable. Their total, of course, is even more remarkable in that 126 + 126 = 252 or the very "Measurement of God" - the Hebrew Sacred Cubit's 25.20 inches. So - why the two sets of "126" seen in the 22 years and the 27 years? Let's take these two sets as factors and see what happens when we multiply them?
1 X 2 X 6 X 1 X 2 X 6 = 144
I think you now may know why there is a 70th Week of Daniel revealed in these two sets of 22 years (537-515 BC) and 27 years (515-488 BC) in the building of both the Second Temple over a 22-year time frame and the reason for such a specific GAP of 27 years to complete the first 7 Weeks of Daniel's 70-Week prophecy!
Yes, we know that to complete the 49 years (537-488 BC) the seven weeks would persist, wherein the Second Temple would be built (by 515 BC, the sixth year of the reign of Darius II, Artaxerxes the Great) and from 515 BC unto 488 BC would persist an additional 27 years. Do we now see how vitally important are the reigns of these Kings of Israel, Judah, Babylon and Persia? I think we're getting it!
Please go to Part III of the Kings of Israel-Judah, Babylon, & Persia
Please go to Part I of the Kings of Israel-Judah, Babylon, & Persia